[PSCI 3333] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 29 pages long Study Guide!

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PSCI 3333
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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1/26/2017 OneNote Online
https://onedrive.live.com/view.aspx?Bsrc=Share&Bpub=SDX.SkyDrive&resid=15CDBB404D6F9171!45798&cid=15cdbb404d6f9171&app=OneNote&authkey=!Al
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Michigan v. Rochester (Social-psychology v. Rational Actor)
Party Identification (Michigan)
An attachment to a political party as if it was a social group
Not equivalent to family and friends, it is a secondary group
Attachment is affective, involves likes or dislikes of the party
Attachment is acquired early in life (first stage, lifecycle socialization)
Stable/endures over time (lifecycle socialization)
Extrapolative learning process
Influences other attitudes and behaviors
Campell, Converse, Miller and Stokes, The American Voter (1960)
This system works in normal times, but doesn't always work
Eisenhower, Regan elections
Party Identification (Rochester)
An attachment.
• Evaluative
Candidate characteristics
Issue-Policy Performance
Acquired/expressed at various points in time
Could be acquired as a child or as an adult
Changeable over time
Influences other attitudes but is not the prime mover
i.e. it is influenced by other attitudes as well
Running Tally
Constantly updated from current information
We can get data on the evaluative and affective parts
It is hard to understand the acquisition of party identifications
Very difficult to constantly interview kids through adulthood
70yr panel study?
We can get data on stability v. change and influences of party ID on other attitudes
These are some of the key things to look at to compare these two models
PID2000 (ANES)2004 (ANES)2008 (PSA)2012 (PSA)
Democrat 34% 39% 36% 35%
Republican 23% 28% 31% 32%
Independent/DK 43% 33% 34% 33%
Note the large Independent group
Also note the slow growth of Republican PID
ANES 2000/02/04ANES 2004/06PSA 2008/10
Stable PID (Stayer) 46% 53% 62%
Explanations of Electoral Behavior (Vote Choice)
Monday, April 6, 2015 1:39 PM
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1/26/2017 OneNote Online
https://onedrive.live.com/view.aspx?Bsrc=Share&Bpub=SDX.SkyDrive&resid=15CDBB404D6F9171!45798&cid=15cdbb404d6f9171&app=OneNote&authkey=!Al
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Stable IND (Stayer) 21% 20% 19%
PID <-> IND (Mover) 29% 23% 14%
PID <-> PID (Mover) 4% 5% 4%
People keeping PID increases over time
Stable independents is pretty consistent
People moving between independent and a PID decreases over time
Reward-Punishment v. Issue Priority
Reward-Punishment Issue Attitudes
As people's attitudes about important issues trend negatively…
People increasingly blame the incumbent (candidate/official/party)
They vote against the incumbent
As people's attitudes about important issues trend positively…
They increasingly support the incumbent
They vote for the incumbent
Not a lot of evidence for this idea, voters are full of wrath
Issue-Priority Attitudes
As people's attitudes about important issues trend negatively,
People do not blame the incumbent
They recognize the incumbent is the only party that prioritizes issues that people think
are important
People vote for the incumbent
Spatial v. Performance/Valence
Spatial
People have a position on an issue
People are aware of a party's position on an issue
People link their position on an issue with a party's position on an issue
Closer the link of issue <-> party, then more likely individual will vote for party
Or not vote at all if position doesn't align with any options
Performance/Valence
Parties compete by showing performance
Tout they will "get the job done."
People and parties agree on issue outcomes
They disagree on issue processes
People want a party to produce a positive issue outcome
Both parties want a positive outcome, but how to achieve that?
Think economy (regulation v. free market), education
Issue Attitudes
Candidate Attitudes
These explanations are not mutually exclusive, overlap with some shared variables
Performance Evaluations
We see it in all but the Michigan explanation
Trends and events
Have things gotten better or worse?
Job quality
Why do issues come and go?
We have varying experiences with the issues
On some issues, we will have no experience
Some of us will have very direct exposure to issues
People in the military will experience war very directly
Friends/family living overseas
Swings in the economy hurting various sectors
Many will also have indirect exposure to issues
Events can happen in the world that change priorities
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