[SPAN 300] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (17 pages long!)

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7 Feb 2017
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SPAN 300
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Se (Different uses and what they mean)
Reflexive
A person is the doer and receiver of a verb
Used with 3rd person singular and plural
Reciprocal
Verbs that express the idea of doing something to each other
Usually takes place when subject needs to be in plural form
Mis padres se quieren
My parents love each other
Accidental
When dealing w/ chance or unplanned situations
Actions like dropping, breaking, forgetting, burning, etc
Impersonal
Action is being done w/ no subject
“Se habla espanol” sign at a store there is no specific subject
Indirect Object Pronoun
When le/les are changed because they precede lo/la/los/las
Indirect Object Pronouns
The indirect object tells us where the direct object is going
The IO answers the question “To whom?” or “For whom?” the action of the verb is
performed
He gives Maria the book
DO= book
Where is the book going? Maria
IO= Maria
He gives the book to Maria
DO= book
Where is the book going? Maria
IO= Maria
Sentences that have an IO have a DO (remember the IO tells us where the DO is going)
Sometimes the DO is not stated, but understood
EX: My mother writes me every week
DO: Letter (understood)
IO: me
She told him
DO: it (understood)
IO: him
Pronouns that take place of the IO
Me (me)
Te (you-familiar)
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Le (him, her, you-formal)
Nos (us)
Les (them, you all-formal)
EXAMPLES:
Juan me compra un regalo
Juan buys me a gift
Juan te compra un regalo
Juan buys you a gift
○ Juan le compra un regalo
Juan buys her a gift
Juan nos compra un regalo
Juan buys us a gift
Juan les compra un regalo
Juan buys them a gift
Some more EXAMPLES:
Me compra
He buys me
Me compran
They buy me
Me compras
You buy me
Le/Les can stand for different things
Out of context, there is no way to know the meaning
Le
To (for) him
To (for) her
To (for) you-formal
Les
To (for) them
To (for) you all-formal
Placement of the IO pronoun:
Always BEFORE the conjugated verb!!!
Negative Statements
Do not translate word for word//think in phrases
Negative statements have 3 concepts:
Ellos no nos compran ningún regalo
1. Ellos nos compran (they buy us)
2. Regalo (gift)
3. No, ningún (make the sentence negative)
In negative statements with one verb, the IO pronoun comes between the
negative word and the conjugated verb
Ella no te trae el desayuno
She doesn’t bring you breakfast
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