HIS 1053 Lecture : Copy of HIST 1053 - Incomplete Outline Quiz 1_Exam 1
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STUDY GUIDE: MODULES 1-5
Module 1: End of the Civil War and Reconstruction
1. What was Andrew Johnson’s plan called? What did his plan involve?
The Reconstruction Acts -
2. Under Radical Reconstruction, which of the following did former Confederate states not need to do in
order to rejoin the Union? pass the Fifteenth Amendment
3. What were the goals of Black Codes?
To restrict and maintain social and economic systemic strucure in the abscess of slavery
by prevent black people from:
● Civic participation of freed slaves
● Right to vote
● Right to serve on juries
● Right to own or carry weapons
● Right to rent or lease land
4. What Act did the House of Representative impeach Andrew Johnson over?
5. What is the significance of each of these amendments:
○ 13th - Abolished slavery in the United States of America
○ 14th - Grants citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" which
included former slaves and dismantled Andrew Johnson Plan
○ 15th - Granted African American men the right to vote.
6. Name four functions of the Freedman’s Bureau: (1865-1869)
● Seek land
● Financial security
● Participate in political process
7. Who were white southerners who tried to overturn the changes of Reconstruction?
● political coalition
● in the Southern United States
● Reconstruction Era that followed the Civil War
● conservative, pro-business, Democratic Party
● wanted to regain their political power
● enforce white supremacy
8. What is the crop-lien system that allowed free Blacks to rent and work the land, often the same
plantations? What were the disadvantages?
9. What was the term of abuse about Northerners who moved to the South to gain wealth and political
power used by the KKK?
10. List some methods that the Ku Klux Klan and other terrorist groups used to intimidate blacks and white
○ riding out to victims’ houses, masked and armed, and firing into the homes or burning them
11. What were scalawags?
Southern whites who supported Reconstruction, known as scalawags, also generated great
hostility as traitors to the South. They, too, became targets of the Klan and similar groups.
12. Why was it difficult for southern free blacks to gain economic independence after the Civil War?
Once free they had no money to begin their new lives, so they had to rely on the crop-lien
and sharecropping systems. These systems enabled freed people to get tools and rent
land to farm, but the high interest rate (paid in harvested crops) made it difficult for them
to get out of poverty.
13. What was the outcome of the contested election of 1876? Who won?
-Reconstruction had come to an end in most southern states.
-political power of the Radical Republicans declined
-The country remained bitterly divided,
-scandals and Democratic successes in the South prevent Ulysses S. Grant from 3rd term.
-Republicans instead selected Rutherford B. Hayes.
-Democrats nominated Samuel Tilden, the reform governor of New York, who was instrumental in ending the
Tweed Ring and Tammany Hall corruption in New York City. Won popular vote.
Congress- Republicans controlled the Senate and Democrats controlled the House of Representatives
-5 senators, 5 representatives, and 5 supreme court justices decide fate of country.
- The only independent—David Davis resigns from the Supreme Court/ the committee electing the
- President Grant replaces him with a Republican
- electoral votes and the presidency go to Hayes
- The end.
Almost 50-50 vote in both.
14. What was the Compromise of 1877?
Democrats basically let the controversial election of 1876 slide and supported Hayes as long as they
could do whatever they wanted.
Officially ended Reconstruction and essentially negated the Reconstruction Amendments. Nullified
rights for blacks. Would remain disenfranchised for 1 more century.
-No more troops in south.
-No more federal intervention
Today’s effect: Democrats took over the remaining southern states, creating what became known as the “Solid
South”—a region that consistently votes in a bloc for the Democratic Party.
Module 2: Reconstruction and Westward Migration
1. Why did each of these groups that settled the West chooses to go there?
a. Miners- homestead farming was the primary goal of most western settlers in the latter half of the
b. a small minority sought to make their fortunes quickly through other means. Specifically, gold (and,
subsequently, silver and copper) prospecting attracted thousands of miners looking to “get rich
quick” before returning east.
c. Pioneers- These pioneers were seeking land and opportunity. Popularly known as “sodbusters,”
these men and women in the Midwest faced a difficult life on the frontier.
d. Exodusters- Thousands of African Americans migrating west after Civil War
★to escape the racism and violence of the Old South as to find new economic
★most headed to Kansas