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[HIEA 2031] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (35 pages long!)


Department
History-East Asian History
Course Code
HIEA 2031
Professor
Bradley Reed
Study Guide
Final

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UVA
HIEA 2031
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

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8. War, Crisis, and Pol. Reform (Almost)
I. Japan under the Meiji Restoration (1868)
I. Sino-Japanese War (1894-95)
A. Korea-Tonghuk Rebelion
B. Treaty of Shimosek (1895)
Li Hung _____ forced to sign this treaty
Included Japan now in the most favorite nations
Rights in China = to all of the European powers
Taiwan given to Japan -- remains that way until after WWII
Japan also given little islands, but argued not within the treaty
Sold those islands to a private person
Initially takes the Liaodong peninsula, however, the Europeans force them
to give it back within the year
Random
A. Everyone thought China would win the war, but they lost in just 9 short
months
Failure of military = sign of corruption and boondocking
B. Yuan Shi Kai started to emerge as the leader
A. Anti-foreign Sentiment
A. Missionaries
Most people in the outside settlements, farmers, didn’t have touch with
many Europeans, except for missionaries
Over 500 missions set up across China, but they never succeeded
in converting more than .5%
Why?
Missions isolated in communities, didn’t speak Chinese
If you converted the Missionaries made you not worship in any
ways that seem like Paganism (ancestor worship, village festivals)
You basically had to give up your ties to Chinese society
Only people who did this were destitute
Ignorance and fear can be a volatile combination
Eye clinics set up a lot
In China going to see the doctor is kind of a communal event, no
closed operation room
Rumors that they were gauging out kids eyes and using them
That they were buying baby girls
Infanticide common in those poverty stricken
countryside
Orphanages set up -- would sometimes give mother funds
to hold her over when they gave them the baby
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Random
A. Background
With this much fear and ignorance going on it won't take much to light it
up
Anti-christian riots broke out all across China
Usually entail the burning of a mission and the murder of the
missionaries (Chinese of Foreign)
B. Government
Forced to arrest and kill leaders of the revolts in order to appease the
foreign powers
Showed weakness of the gov.
A. Juye Incident (Nov. 1897)
In shandong, group of men broke in to try and kill German head of
mission
Germany demands restitution -- rebuilding of the mission,
compensation, etc.
Also use this to steal the Jiazhou bay
Kicks off the rougher imperialism of the West
A. Carving the melon
A. Spheres of Influence
Before just really looking for trade, now looking for land for raw
materials, income, etc.
China not directly colonized
In part because of the Sec. of State of the US Hay
If Europe divides up China, US loses; they put forward the
idea that direct colonization would be expensive, hard, and do nothing
but cause problems esp. in free trade
Wouldn't it be smarter to keep China intact, but
carve out spheres of influence in which one person would have
dominate power; but all nations able to use that area
Countries
Britain -- up the yangze river, tibet, hong kong
French -- SW china
Germans -- Shandong
Russians --
Japan -- Japan, Korea, Taiwan
AKA Open-Door policy
Causes
Acted as a propellant for further reform to the Chinese
A. Reformist Intellectuals
A. Kang Youwei
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