CDAE 002 Midterm: CDAE002 Exam 1 Study Guide

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Study Guide
Exam Thursday, February 21
CDAE002 World Food, Population, & Sustainable Development !
Exam 1!
-Valid evidence!
Steps to determine!
Confirmation bias!
Importance of valid evidence for civil discourse!
-Development!
Dierent definitions of development!
-Better quality of life -> basic needs met!
-Growth, change!
-Opportunity, human rights!
Development measures and their strengths/ weaknesses!
-Economic indicators- from a conventional perspective, economic indicators best
characterize development; strength of economy indicates strength of development;
income levels and life expectancy are correlated positively!
GDP, GNP, GNI!
-Human Development Index- United Nations; multidimensional development
measurement; US is #3!
Anything missing from HDI?!
-Sanitation!
-Crime!
Four Indicators
Three Dimensions
Life expectancy at birth
Health
Mean years of schooling
Education
Expected years of schooling
Education
GNI per capita
Living standards
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Study Guide
Exam Thursday, February 21
-Gender equality!
-Stable government!
Still not comprehensive description of what development is!
-Happy Planet Index- measures what matters; sustainable wellbeing for all (built in
ecological dimensions)!
Life expectancy!
Experienced well-being!
Ecological footprint!
-GINI Index- measurement of income distribution of a country’s residents; defines rich/
poor gap!
0 = perfect equality!
1 = perfect inequality!
-Sustainable development!
Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability for
future generations to meet their own needs!
Dierent dimensions!
-Social- social responsibility!
-Economic- economic prosperity!
-Environmental- environmental stewardship!
UN Sustainable Development Goals (2015-2030)!
-17 goals; comprehensive- who humanity wants to be!
Poverty!
Hunger!
Environment!
Health!
Partnerships!
Guides government decisions about development !
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Study Guide
Exam Thursday, February 21
Ecosystem services- the benefits that humans derive from natural functions of healthy,
intact ecosystems!
-ex. Trees provide oxygen, prevent soil erosion, biodiversity!
-Ex. Water provides irrigation of crops, food, soil!
Negative externalities- costs that do not appear in any formal accounting systems!
-ex. Pollution increases respiratory issues; people who pollute do not pay for healthcare,
treatment; cost for healthcare going up is added burden on society; cost of healthcare
does not appear in formal accounting systems as related to pollution !
Relationship between economic growth and sustainability!
-As economic growth has gone on, so has environmental depravation!
-As we lose genetic/ biodiversity, we lose ability to adapt to issues becoming prominent!
-Poverty and inequality!
Absolute poverty = set standard which is the same in all countries!
Relative poverty = refers to a standard which is defined in terms of the society on which an
individual lives and which therefore diers between countries; levels national poverty line!
Multidimensional poverty!
-Multidimensional Poverty Index!
$!
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