CDAE 002 Study Guide - Spring 2019, Comprehensive Final Exam Notes - Agriculture, Sustainable Development Goals, International

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CDAE 002
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Notes
January 17
CDAE002 World Food, Population, & Sustainable Development !
Paradigms and World Views
Goal: frame how we think about this class (and information more broadly)!
-Paradigms!
Set of simplifying assumptions and informal theories that describe how the world works
and which provides the frame of reference through which the world is viewed!
How you view the world!
Worldview - lens through which we see the world!
Influenced by how you are raised or brought up!
Possible to see world in ways other than single lens!
David Foster Wallace!
-Paradigms are Constructs!
Paradigms change and can be influenced!
What leads them to change?!
-unanticipated change (ex. Crisis)!
-Voluntary change (developmental goals)!
-Social movements!
-Friends & family!
-Personal experience!
-Education systems!
-Economic opportunity!
-Literature, art, music, religion, culture!
-Geography/ physical environment!
-Government/ law!
-technology, media!
We all operate under paradigms!
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Notes
January 17
-What happens when we’re not aware of our paradigms?!
Forget other opinions are out there!
Civil discourse breakdown!
-Civil discourse is based on:!
Enhancing and understanding…!
-Making an assertion!
-Providing reasoning (the “because” of the argument)!
-Supporting assertion with evidence!
Some argue that civil discourse is fundamental to a functioning democracy!
-Confirmation bias!
We are more apt to believe in information (valid or not) that supports our beliefs!
People are more apt to believe what they want to believe!
-How do we consider the quality of a source?!
1. Consider the source!
2. Read beyond the headline!
3. Check the author!
4. What’s the support?!
5. Check the date!
6. Consider your own biases!
-Peer review!
Process of subjecting research methods and findings to the scrutiny of others who are
experts in the same field#
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