[POLS 021] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (11 pages long!)

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POLS 021
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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UNSPUN Review
Misnomers vs framing
Framing is more to frame a certain aspect to the public of a bill (e.g. death tax)
Misnomers use a false name in order to imply something different
Baseline Bluff
Used mostly by Democrats, who believe prices should increase with inflation every year.
They will argue if Repulias do’t wat to irease pries they are uttig whe really they
just are’t ireasig fro the aselie.
LECTURE
Finding the Best Evidence
1. Do’t ofuse aedotes with data just eause the story illustrates the lai does’t
mean it proves it
2. Remember the blind men and the elephant we often miss the big picture. Media also
hyperfocuses on small topics
3. Not all studies are equal: Ask the questions!
a. Who stands behind the info?
b. Does source have an ax to grind?
c. What method did source use?
d. How old is the data?
e. Were assumptions made in collecting the info?
f. Was there guesswork involved?
4. “ayig it does’t ake it so
5. Extraordinary claims need extraordinary evidence
6. Non-evidence
a. Appeals to authority
b. Appeals to popularity
c. Faulty logi, just eause oe thig follows aother does’t ea the first thig
caused the second
7. Fastcheck.org Guide to Testing Evidence
a. Is the source highly regard or accepted?
b. Is the source an advocate?
c. What is soure’s trak reord?
d. What method is used?
e. Does the source show its work?
f. Is the sample random?
g. Is there a control group?
h. Does the source have requisite skills?
i. Have the results been replicated or contradicted?
Using Internet to Check Facts do’t use Wikipedia!
1. Who is behind the site?
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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2. Who is paying?
3. Who are the people running the site?
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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