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CRJU 3600- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 57 pages long!)


Department
Criminal Justice
Course Code
CRJU 3600
Professor
Rivera
Study Guide
Final

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VSU
CRJU 3600
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

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I) What is criminology
A) What is crime itself?
1) Legalistic perspective
(a) Breaking a law created by a governing body
(b) Can be state, federal, or local
2) Political perspective
(a) Built into law by the social elite
(b) Meant to control groups that are not in power
3) Sociological perspective
(a) An antisocial act
(b) Actions deemed immoral by societal standards
(c) Different cultures and societies have different standards and social norms that
allow this perspective to vary so much from the others
(d) An attempt to maintain the status quo
4) Psychological perspective
(a) Problem behavior
(b) Anything that does not allow you to live and “fit in” with the rest of society
(c) Depends on how the culture views “fitting in”
5) Definition
(a) Intentional act or omission in violation of Criminal Law committed without
defense or justification and sanctioned by the state as a felony or a misdemeanor
(b) Omissions
(i) Parental neglect
(ii) Duty to respond
(a) First responders
(b) Police
(iii)Good Samaritan laws
(c) Does not have to be voluntary
6) Mala
(a) Mala in se
(i) Seen as morally wrong regardless of whether or not it is illegal
(ii) Viewed by society as inherently bad
(iii)Generally the more serious offenses
(a) Rape
(b) Murder
(b) Mala prohibita
(a) All crimes that are acknowledged by the law
(b) Those that are made illegal by laws
(c) Can and usually include many of the mala in se offenses
1. Seen as wrong by society and so is made illegal
2. The worst offenses are obviously covered
7) Deviance
(a) Levels of deviance differs between people
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(i) One person may view something as the most deviant thing in the world while
another has no issue with it
(ii) In Cuba there are less status offenses
(a) 13 years olds can date 29 year olds
(b) Drinking offenses are much more lenient and in some areas are
nonexistent
(iii)Different cultures and countries have different definitions of morality and
deviance
(iv) In order to be deviant, one must not conform to the current societal standards
(a) Racism 50 years ago vs now
(b) Labor laws
(b) Deviance is normally tied closely to morality
(i) Morality is objective
(ii) Time and distance can change any definition of morality
B) Criminality
1) Studies propensity to commit crimes
(a) What would cause one person to be more likely to commit a crime than another?
(b) Studies many different factors that would raise likelihood
(i) Economic factors
(ii) Social influences
(iii)Familial influences
(iv) Education
2) What is criminality
(a) A clinical or scientific term
(b) Independent from legal definitions of crime
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