Study Guides (400,000)
US (230,000)
VSU (40)
CRJU (5)
Floyd (3)
Study Guide

CRJU 4110- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 15 pages long!)


Department
Criminal Justice
Course Code
CRJU 4110
Professor
Floyd
Study Guide
Midterm

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 15 pages of the document.
VSU
CRJU 4110
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

I) Introduction to Forensic Sciences
A) Forensics as a term
1) From the Latin word forensic
(a) Public
(b) Argumentative
(c) Belonging to debate or discussion
2) Definitions
(a) Application of science to law (broadest term)
(b) Applies the knowledge and technology of science to the definition and
enforcement of the law
3) Criminalistics
(a) Used interchangeably with forensic sciences
(b) Forensics tends to be used as the more general term for the many different
disciplines
(c) What is a criminalist?
(i) Applies different principles of science to law
Biology
Chemistry
Physics
(ii) Use above to produce physical evidence that can be used to prove or disprove
that a person is guilty in a court of law
(iii)Criminalists are those who are not always sworn officers that navigate within
the criminal justice system using science
B) Historic figures
1) Mathieu Orfila
(a) Father of toxicology
(b) Wrote about detection of poisons and their effects upon the human and animal
bodies
2) Alphonse Bertillon
(a) Father of anthropometry
(b) Father of criminal identification
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

(c) Developed a procedure for taking body measurements in order to identify
deceased bodies
3) Francis Galton
(a) Father of Fingerprinting
(b) Statistical proof of fingerprinting
(c) 1st method of filing system for fingerprints
4) Leone Lattes
(a) Grouped different blood types
(b) Found a way to id dried blood at a crime scene
5) Calvin Goddard
(a) Father of firearms ID
(b) Examined different bullets with a comparison microscope in order to identify if a
bullet came from a certain gun
6) Edmund Locard
(a) Father of the crime lab
(b) Demonstrated that scientific principles can be incorporated to the CJ system in a
lab setting
(c) Founded one of the first crime labs within a police station attic with little funding
available
(d) Founded the institute of criminalistics
(e) Locard’s exchange principle
(i) When someone touches another person or object, an exchange of materials
occurs
(ii) He proposed that we can examine these exchanged materials in order to
identify a person who had been there
(iii)Every contact leaves a trace
(iv) Every criminal can be connected to a crime through these practices
7) Edgar Hoover
(a) Organized a national FBI lab
(b) He was the director of the FBI in the 30’s
(c) FBI does not have jurisdiction on native American reservations and military bases
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version