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Study Guide

[POLS 1101] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (24 pages long)


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLS 1101
Professor
James Strickler
Study Guide
Final

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Valdosta State University
POLS 1101
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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US Gov. Unit Four: Legislative Branch
1) Article 1
a) Creating a bicameral congress. Sets up the congress for the united states.
2) Characteristics of Congress
a) Senate
a.i) 100 members
a.ii)2 from each state
a.iii) Chosen by state legislatures
a.iv) 6 year terms (1/3 elected each 2 years)
a.v)At least 30 years’ old
a.vi) At least 9 years’ citizen
b) House
b.i) 435 members
b.ii) Seats in proportion to population (not more than 1/30,000)
b.iii) Directly elected by the people.
b.iv) 2 year terms
b.v) At least 25 years old.
b.vi) At least 7 years old.
3) “Senate is saucer in which tea is cooled.”
a) Made by George Washington and Thomas Jefferson.
b) Prevents people from making hasty crazy decisions.
4) Amendment 17
a) Direct Election of Senators
b) No longer picked by state legislatures, voted in by people.
c) Have to worry about people’s opinions.
5) Powers of Each House
a) Senate
a.i) Choose own officers (including a president pro tempore)
a.ii)Judge qualifications of its members
a.iii) Set own rules of proceeding
a.iv) Try impeachments
a.v)Give advice and consent to treaties (by 2/3 vote)
a.vi) Give advice and consent for appointments
b) House
b.i) Choose own officers (including a speaker)
b.ii) Judge qualifications of its members
b.iii) Set own rules of proceeding
b.iv) Impeach
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b.v) Initiate appropriations of funds
6) Powers Denied by Congress
a) Stopping the importation of slaves (until 1808)
b) Suspending the privilege of Habeas Corpus (except during rebellion of
invasion
b.i) Body must be presented to judge
c) Passing Bills of Attainder
d) Passing Ex Post Facto Laws
d.i) You can’t make something illegal after someone didn’t get in trouble for.
e) Creating an income tax (until the 16th Amendment in 1913)
f) Levying taxes on exports
g) Granting titles on nobility
7) Leadership in the house
a) Committee chairs-> Majority Whips-> Majority Leader-> Speaker of the
House (Leader of the majority votes.)
b) Minority Whips-> Minority Leader-> Speaker of the House
8) Leadership in the Senate
a) Committee Chairs-> Majority Whips-> Majority Leader-> President pro
Tempore (President of the Senate {Vice President of the U.S.})
b) Minority Whips->Minority Whips-> Majority Leader-> President pro
Tempore
9) The Legislative Process
a) Look on power point
10) Committee Process
a) Hearings
b) Mark up
c) Table Bill
d) Report Bill
11) Floor Process
a) Senate
a.i) Unanimous Consent
a.ii)Holds
a.iii) Unlimited Debate
a.iv) Filibuster (action that interrupts the process)
a.v)Cloture (3/5 vote, or 60 senators)
a.vi) Amendments
a.vii) Vote
a.viii) Conference
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