[ANTH 103] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (16 pages long)

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7 Feb 2017
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ANTH 103
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Evolution and Genetics: The four horseman lecture
The four horseman of Science:
Biology, chemistry, physics, and math
Science of consciousness
Importance of bipedalism
The four horseman of reason:
Consilience- can science and religion work together
Atheist science
Richard dawkins the selfish gene
Sam harris - morality is not religion but should be a science
Daniel dennett- no such things as the soul
Christopher hitchens- religion poisons everything
‘That which can be asserted without evidence, can be dismissed without
evidence.”
Evolution is a fact and a theory - value the principles of reasoning and educated
discourse
Darwinian evolution
Natural selection and mutation
Does life have a purpose, how is it measured
Richard dawkins- nothing has purpose unless conscious beings make one
Non-religious view
Socio-biology: social behavior has evolved not just physical traits
Biological determinism: our genes are our fate , mind doesn't matter
Social darwinism and eugenics
Justify racism, one race was evolutionarily better than another
“Weed out bad genes”
Evolutionary psychology: examines psychological structure as evolutionary
The four horseman of facts:
Something backed up by data, experiments, etc
CANNOT be disproved by scientific experiments
Overdetermination: more causes proposed to be present than are necessary for the
effect
Science and facts are only present for that which can be measured
The four horseman of evolution:
Mutation
Base substitution of gene alleles
Biggest source of variation
Natural selection
Species level change, not individual
Balanced polymorphism- type where first level of attribute and new one
are equal
The best attribute will win out
Form v. function
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Function follows form
Infinite number of functions, but few true adaptations
Also there is : directional, sexual, and stabilizing selection
Genetic drift
Can promote speciation
Gene flow
Prevents speciation
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