anthropology EXAM terms and review.docx

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ANTH 103

TERMS ▪ disease-a pathological condition that is cross-culturally defined and recognized. ▪ dendrochronology-tree ring dateing ▪ applied anthropology-using the knowledge of anthropology to address human real-world problems. ▪ illness-a malady that is culturally defined. ▪ paleoanthropology-study of ancient humans (homids) ▪ paleopathology-study of ancient diseases ▪ ethnocentrism-judging other cultures by the standards of your own, which you believe to be superior. ▪ symbol-physical objects, colors, sounds, movements, scents which convey information through an arbitrary or culturally assigned meaning. ▪ subcultures- a group of people with a culture ▪ taboo-proscribed by society as improper or unacceptable: ▪ globalization- refers to the increasingly global relationships of culture ▪ enculturation- the process of learning one's own culture, also called socialization. ▪ ethnography- description of a culture, usually based on the method of participant observation. ▪ ethnology- comparative analysis of cultural patterns to explain differences and similarities among societies. ▪ cultural rights-protecting groups rights and culture ▪ prosimian- mammals that are defined as primates but are not apes or monkeys. ex lemurs ▪ anthropometry-tool to measure human individuals size ▪ primatology-study of primates ▪ sexual dimorphism-difference in male& female of same species ▪ opposable thumb-that allows us to grasp and handle objects and are characteristic of primates ▪ homology-likeness in structure between parts of different organisms ▪ analogy-a similarity between like features of two things, on which a comparison may be based: ▪ taxonomy-the science of nameing living things ▪ adaptation-patterns of behavior which enable a culture to cope with its surroundings. ▪ anthropoid-monkeys & apes ▪ oldowan pebble tools-to0ls made from stone ▪ miocene-moderately recent(25-13 million yrs ago) ▪ pliocene-more recent (last epoch of the Tertiary period)(13-2 million yrs ago) ▪ pleistocene-epoch 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ◦ What  are the four subfields
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