▪ disease-a pathological condition that is cross-culturally defined and recognized.
▪ dendrochronology-tree ring dateing
▪ applied anthropology-using the knowledge of anthropology to address human real-world problems.
▪ illness-a malady that is culturally defined.
▪ paleoanthropology-study of ancient humans (homids)
▪ paleopathology-study of ancient diseases
▪ ethnocentrism-judging other cultures by the standards of your own, which you believe to be superior.
▪ symbol-physical objects, colors, sounds, movements, scents which convey information through an
arbitrary or culturally assigned meaning.
▪ subcultures- a group of people with a culture
▪ taboo-proscribed by society as improper or unacceptable:
▪ globalization- refers to the increasingly global relationships of culture
▪ enculturation- the process of learning one's own culture, also called socialization.
▪ ethnography- description of a culture, usually based on the method of participant observation.
▪ ethnology- comparative analysis of cultural patterns to explain differences and similarities among
▪ cultural rights-protecting groups rights and culture
▪ prosimian- mammals that are defined as primates but are not apes or monkeys. ex lemurs
▪ anthropometry-tool to measure human individuals size
▪ primatology-study of primates
▪ sexual dimorphism-difference in male& female of same species
▪ opposable thumb-that allows us to grasp and handle objects and are characteristic of primates
▪ homology-likeness in structure between parts of different organisms
▪ analogy-a similarity between like features of two things, on which a comparison may be based:
▪ taxonomy-the science of nameing living things
▪ adaptation-patterns of behavior which enable a culture to cope with its surroundings.
▪ anthropoid-monkeys & apes
▪ oldowan pebble tools-to0ls made from stone
▪ miocene-moderately recent(25-13 million yrs ago)
▪ pliocene-more recent (last epoch of the Tertiary period)(13-2 million yrs ago)
▪ pleistocene-epoch 2,588,000 to 11,700 years
◦ What are the four subfields