IMPORTANT BIOLOGICAL COMPOUNDS-part 1.docx

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Department
Biology
Course
BIOL 151
Professor
Jaclyn Vick
Semester
Spring

Description
IMPORTANT BIOLOGICAL MOLECULES – ORGANIC COMPOUNDS Organic compounds - Include most biologically important molecules - Carbon - Atomic #: 6 - Will form a covalent bond - Carbon itself won’t form with a hydrogen bond - There are many bonds that share easily with carbon: • H, O, N, & other C - Has different types of structures: chai, ring, etc Functional Groups: - Characteristic groups of atoms that are: • Things that are attached to the carbon backbone • Have specific chemical & physical properties • The part of organic molecule that reacts • **usually less stable than C backbone** - examples are: hydrogen, hydroxyl (OH), carboxyl, amino, phosphate, methyl Making Organic - Small: monomers Molecules - Simple sugars, amino acids, fatty acids - Many monomers: polymers - Larger organic mol
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