Courts and the Judicial Process Study Guide
Adjudicate make a formal judgment/decision about a problem or disputed matter
Ex parte standing in front of the judge without the other party being present
*#5 on quiz: The three main components of the American Criminal Justice system are police,
courts, and corrections.
* #3 on quiz: Packer developed the crime control and due process model.
*Clerk is the most important person in the court system because without them, no paperwork
*Job of the solicitor general representing the executive branch before the Supreme Court
*Major types of courts found in the US: (Federal) Magistrate, District, Circuit court of
appeals, US Supreme Court; (State) Trial courts of limited jurisdiction (municipal, county, and
state jurisdictions; also called circuit, common pleas, justice, district, mayor’s, or magistrate
courts), Trial courts of general jurisdiction (district, superior, or circuit courts), Intermediate
courts of appeals (found in 39 states), Appellate court of last resort (Supreme Court); In short,
Trial Courts, Appellate Courts, and US Supreme Court
*Sources of American Law
Constitutions: fundamental rules which dictate that people will be governed; Create