POLI 103- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the ..
POLI 103- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 16 pages long!)

16 Pages
Unlock Document

Virginia Commonwealth University
Political Science
POLI 103
John M Aughenbaugh

[POLI 103] Comprehensive spring guide including any lecture notes, textbook notes and exam guides.find more resources at oneclass.com Poli day 21 and 32 Notes on the Media • The Media o The mediating force between the government and American citizens. o Politicians need media to get their word out, and the media needs politicians to provide a constant supply of information for audiences. o 1735 trial of Peter Zenger established legal precedent that if a newspaper prints the truth it cannot be charged with libel. o High ratings allow media companies to charge higher prices o Broadcast Media and Cable have different regulations since you choose to pay for cable subscriptions. o 3 main functions: Provides objective coverage to get at the truth and provide a balanced discussion of issues presented, facilitating public debate, and serving as government watch dog. o Sometimes called 4 branch of government. • Government Regulation of the Media o The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) created in 1934 to regulate electronic media by licensing and creating rules for broadcasters. (no authority over print media). ▪ May revoke licenses or fine stations for violating rules. Backed by U.S supreme court. ▪ FCC Equal Time Rule: demands that radio and TV stations sell equal amounts of airtime to all political candidate’s ads and presidential airtime. ▪ 1950 Fairness Doctrine required broadcasters to allow time for public affairs programming (ended in 1980s). • Era of the Partisan Press o Period characterized by newspapers supporting particular party (1789 to mid 1850s). Federalists vs anti feds over central government vs. state rights. o Distribution made available by the Telegraph • Electronic Media o Invention of radio allows leaders instant/direct communication with citizens. o 1926 National Broadcasting Company (NBC) provided the first network of radio stations to a mass audience. o 1930s FDR uses fireside chats to speak directly to public and explain New Deal plans. o WW2 Edward Murrow delivered live reports from London and in 1950s Joe Payne hosted first political talk show. o Television comes after WW2 NBC and CBS develop first evening news programs. Presidential debates (especially 1960s) effected elections/opinions. o Eisenhower was first president to hold regular news conferences. • Print Media o Recent decline due to electronic media, o Many purchase news from a wire service like the Associated Press (the largest). • Internet o MOSAIC (now Netscape) was first graphical internet browser in 1993 o Chat rooms, blog, forums etc. give commentary on the news. find more resources at oneclass.com
More Less

Related notes for POLI 103

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.