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POLI 103- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 16 pages long!)

16 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
POLI 103
John M Aughenbaugh

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[POLI 103] Comprehensive spring guide including any lecture notes, textbook notes and exam guides.find more resources at Poli day 21 and 32 Notes on the Media • The Media o The mediating force between the government and American citizens. o Politicians need media to get their word out, and the media needs politicians to provide a constant supply of information for audiences. o 1735 trial of Peter Zenger established legal precedent that if a newspaper prints the truth it cannot be charged with libel. o High ratings allow media companies to charge higher prices o Broadcast Media and Cable have different regulations since you choose to pay for cable subscriptions. o 3 main functions: Provides objective coverage to get at the truth and provide a balanced discussion of issues presented, facilitating public debate, and serving as government watch dog. o Sometimes called 4 branch of government. • Government Regulation of the Media o The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) created in 1934 to regulate electronic media by licensing and creating rules for broadcasters. (no authority over print media). ▪ May revoke licenses or fine stations for violating rules. Backed by U.S supreme court. ▪ FCC Equal Time Rule: demands that radio and TV stations sell equal amounts of airtime to all political candidate’s ads and presidential airtime. ▪ 1950 Fairness Doctrine required broadcasters to allow time for public affairs programming (ended in 1980s). • Era of the Partisan Press o Period characterized by newspapers supporting particular party (1789 to mid 1850s). Federalists vs anti feds over central government vs. state rights. o Distribution made available by the Telegraph • Electronic Media o Invention of radio allows leaders instant/direct communication with citizens. o 1926 National Broadcasting Company (NBC) provided the first network of radio stations to a mass audience. o 1930s FDR uses fireside chats to speak directly to public and explain New Deal plans. o WW2 Edward Murrow delivered live reports from London and in 1950s Joe Payne hosted first political talk show. o Television comes after WW2 NBC and CBS develop first evening news programs. Presidential debates (especially 1960s) effected elections/opinions. o Eisenhower was first president to hold regular news conferences. • Print Media o Recent decline due to electronic media, o Many purchase news from a wire service like the Associated Press (the largest). • Internet o MOSAIC (now Netscape) was first graphical internet browser in 1993 o Chat rooms, blog, forums etc. give commentary on the news. find more resources at
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