[CRM 1001] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 15 pages long Study Guide!

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7 Feb 2017
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Villanova University
CRM 1001
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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3 areas of criminology
Making of laws
Breaking of laws
Reaction to the breaking of laws
Criminology
Nature of crime
Cause
Extent
Control
Differs from criminal justice, delinquency, and deviance
Factors related to crime
Neighborhood
Mental health
Immigration
Guns
Defining Crime
Behavior in violation of criminal law
o Las are’t alays efored
o Purpose of laws: to make a moral statement about how citizens should behave
Constantly changing
The law and morality
o Private vs public morality
o Effectiveness of law
o Creating crime(controlling morality creates a class of deviants)
o Decriminalizing victimless crimes
Just eause e hae las does’t ea e a effetiely efore
Hard to enforce victimless crime there’s o oe to report
Narcotics police are most susceptible to corruption
Creating more laws can lead to more crime
Causes us to label people- marks/stigmatizes criminal records
Crime is socially constructed
o Consensus perspective
Majority decides rules
Morality produces law
o Conflict perspective
Group in power rules
Selective morality
o Functionalist perspective
Crime is inevitable
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Crime is necessary if e do’t’ ko the rie, e do’t ko ho to
make laws
Crime can be beneficial
It gives a system/set of rules to live by
Crime brings people together/creates a sense of unity
Example :neighborhood watch
Social facts
o Characteristics or patterns that are external to individuals
Functioning: beliefs, actions, feelings
Structural: number, nature, relation of parts of society
Derived from the whole, imposed on the individual
Crimes of the street vs suite
o Street crimes vs corporate crimes
Street: urder, roery, rape, drugs…
Corporate: fraud, lauderig, eezzleet…
o Street crimes are more feared by the general public
They are more tangible: on the news more, more impulsive, people feel more
susceptible
Corporate ries do’t hae as uh edia attetio ad ofte hae etter
lawyers to defend and are often hard to prove
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