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Midterm #1 Study Guide.docx

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Bernadine Barnes

Steve Michaelsen Prof. Barnes Art History Study Guide for Midterm #1 Midterm - Tuesday 2/19 I. Paleolithic/Prehistoric Art – Old stone age, small figurines, cave paintings, fertility, symbolism (30,000-10,000 BCE)  Venus of Willendorf (Nude Woman) 2800-2500 BCE (p.18) o Small stone statue, exaggerated female characteristics to emphasize fertility symbolism  Prehistoric “Portraits”  Le Tuc d’Audobert Two bison, relief in cave15,000-10,000 BCE (p.19)  Caves at Lascaux (p.20-21) 15,000-13,000 BCE  Stonehenge (p.23) 2550-1600 BCE Salisbury, England o Astronomical observatory and solar calendar  Twisted/conceptualized perspective-shows all limbs, unrealistic II. Egypt  Map of Ancient Egypt (p.33)  Egyptian Mastaba Tombs (fig. 1-25)  Imhotep, Stepped Pyramid 2,630 BCE (p.35)  Mortuary Precint of Djoser, Saqqara, Egypt (p.36)  Great Pyramids, Gizeh (p. 35-36) o Menkaura (2490 BC) Khafre (2520 BC) Khufu (2551 BC)  Mortuary temple of Hatshepsut-in a cliff one with nature 1473 BCE(p.40)  Egypt New Kingdom  Temple of Amen-Re, (Karnak, Egypt) (p.41)  Palette of King Narmer-Hierarchy of scale 3,000 BCE(p.34)  “The Egyptian Canon”  Khafre, from Gizeh (statue)  Menkaura and queen, Gizeh (statue)  Ka-aper, from his mastaba of Saqqara  “Fowling scene” from Tomb of Nebamun, Thebes (frescoe)  “Musicians and Dancers” from “Tomb of Nebamun” (frescoe)  Akhenation, from temple of Aton, Karnak (p.43)  Thutmose, Nefertiti (p.43) III. Ancient Aegean Cultures  Cycladic (2800-2000 BC)  Minoan (2000-1100 BC)  Mycenean (1500-1000 BC)  Figure of a woman, Cycladic, geometric, triangles, funerary (p.48)  Palace at Knossos (crete) (p.50)  Leaping Bull Frescoe 1450-1400 BCE  Funerary Mask (legendary mask of Agamemnon) Iliad (p.55) o Repoussé -Molding metal by beating against another object  Lion Gate Mycenae Post and lintel corbeled arch 1,300 1,250 BCE (53) IV. Greece  Divisions of Greek Art (8 c. BC; 800-700 BC) o Geometric o krater (Diplyon Vase) (740 BC) (p. 55)  Archaic (6 c. BC; 600-500 BC) (Doric order begins) o Kouros Statue (Metropolitan Museum) (600 BC) (p. 56-57) o Kroisos Statue, from Anavysos (530 BC) (p.56-57) o Peplos Kore (530 BC) p.58 o EXEKIAS, Attic black-figure amphora (540-530 BC) (p. 61-62) o EUPHRONIOS, Herakles wrestling Antaios (510 BC) o EUTHYMIDES, Three revelers (510 BC) [Inscribed: “Euthymides painted me better than Euphronius ever could.”] (p.63) o Doric Order Diagram (p. 59) Find quiz online  Pediment  Entablature  Frieze  Triglyph  Metope  Column  Capital  Flutes/Fluting  Stylobate  Peripteral Plan  Cella  Early and High Classical (5 c. BC; 500-400 BC) Ionic order begins o Temple of Aphaia (500-490 BC) (p.63-64) o Reconstruction of the Temple of Aphaia (500-490 BC) (p. 64) o Dying Warrior, from west pediment of Temple of Aphaia (500-490 BC) (p.64) [Earlier, Stiffer, more “archaic”] o Dying Warrior, from east pediment of Temple of Aphaia (490-480 BC) (p.64) [Later, More natural, more “classical”] o Kritios Boy (480 BC) (p. 65) o POLYKLEITOS, Doryphoros (spear bearer) (450-440 BC) (p.67) o Niobid Painter, “Artemis and Apollo slaying the children of Niobe (450 BC) o Niobid Painter, “Hercules and other gods” (450 BC) o The Acropolis  Parthenon, Propylaia, Nike Athena, Erectheon, etc o KALLIKRATES, Temple of Nike Athena (427-424 BC) (p.72)  Hellenistic (after 323 BC) o PRAXITELES, Aphrodite of Knidos (350-340 BC) (p.75) o Two Portrait heads of Alexander the Great by LYSSIPOS (late 4 Cent.) o PHILOXENOS OF ERETRIA, Battle of Issus (310 BC) (p.77) o Dying Gaul (EPIGONOS ?) (230-220 BC) (p.80) o Nike of Samothrace/(Nike Alighting on a warship) (190 BC) (p.81)  Romans incorporate Greek Provinces (140 BC) o ANTHANADOROS, HAGESANDROS, and POLYDOROS OF RHODES/(Laocoon and his sons) (1 c. AD) (p.84) [continued Hellenistic tradition....] o Old Market Woman (150-100 BC) (p.83)  Etruscan Art o Capitoline Wolf (500-480 BC) (p.91) o Model of a typical Etruscan temple by Vitruvius (6 c. BC) (p.88) o Apulu(Apollo) from roof of the Portonaccio Temple (510-500 BC) (p.89) o Sarcophagus with reclining couple (520 BC) (p.89) o Interior of the Tomb of the Reliefs (3 c. BC) (p.90)  Roman Republic o Temple of Portunus (75 BC) (p.94) o Atrium of the House of the Vettii, Pompeii, Italy (2 c. BC)
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