BIO 269 Quiz: Anatomy 2 Lecture Exam 1 Study Guide

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BIO 269
Giovanni Casotti

Bio 269 Lecture Exam 1 Study Guide Authored by Dr. Giovanni Casotti In General The exam will consist of 50 multiple choice questions with 4 alternatives each. To successfully answer the questions you may be required to incorporate information from more than 1 slide or even 1 lecture. This means that you should not try and memorize the informatio n, rather understand it. Physiology cannot be memorized (as with Anatomy). The exam shall consist of the following lectures: Introduction, ANS, Endocrinology, Cardiovascular I. Bring your student ID, a calculator, a good eraser and at least 1 presharpened dark pencil to the exam. Disclaimer: This study guide is NOT meant to be a comprehensive list of everything you need to know but it gives you a very good start. The Specifics Introduction 1. Understand what homeostasis is especially the full definition (shown as bullets in the lecture) as described by Claude Bernard. 2. Know the definition of osmosis and understand which way water moves across a cell membrane when given different concentration values on either side of the cell. 3. Know what is meant by feedbac k mechanisms and understand how both negative and positive feedback mechanisms operate. Which feedback mechanism is more common and why? 4. Come up with examples of both types of feedback mechanisms. ANS 1. Understand how the nervous system in humans is arranged and the differences between the somatic and autonomic nervous system (ANS). 2. What types of neurons are found in the ANS? 3. Identify some differences between the somatic and autonomic nervous system. 4. Know what neurotransmitters are found in what nervo us system. 5. Here are some questions you should be able to answer. What is a ganglion? How many ways does the sympathetic nervous system operate? What target organs are innervated by the autonomic nervous system? 6. Describe how the ANS neurons are anatomica lly arranged. 7. What are some physiological effects to organs of stimulating either the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system? 8. What is the difference between cholinergic and adrenergic neurons, and between cholinergic and adrenergic receptors? Where are they located? What ultimately controls the ANS? Endocrinology 1. Understand differences between the endocrinology and nervous systems in terms of how they operate. 2. Be able to list glands and organs that have a role in endocrinology. 3. Know the difference between steroid and amino acidbased hormones. 4. Understand why secondary messenger systems occur in the first place. Understand the steps involved in different secondary messenger systems with amino acid based hormones. 5. Understand the steps involved in ste roid hormone operation. 6. Know how and where hormones are carried in the body, how they are degraded and what is meant 1 of 2
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