SPC 255 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Intellectual Disability

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27 Feb 2017
Amy Louie
Chapter 1
Understanding Exceptionalities in the 21st Century
Study Guide
1. Which US president hid his paralysis from the public? FDR
2. Which of the following characterize the ways that individuals with disabilities
have been treated by society: a) isolated in hospitals and institutions; b) sterilized
so they could not reproduce; c) abandoned; d) put to death; e) all of the above? E
3. Which supreme court civil rights decision is often cited as encouragement to
parent organization to ask the federal government to expand teaching and research
for children with mental disabilities? Brown v. The Board of Education of
4. Which one of the following groups was MOST instrumental in obtaining more
rights and better treatment for individuals with disabilities? A) educators; B)
government officials; C) parents: D) doctors and researchers C
5. What was the first legal case in which the plaintiffs alleged that individuals were
being deprived of the right to treatment? Wyatt v. Stickney
6. What is the difference between the court decisions in PARC vs. Pennsylvania and
Mills vs Board of Education? The PARC vs. Pennsylvania argued that
students were being denied free education based on mental retardation, while
Mills vs. Board of Education later expanded this to students with a disability.
7. What year was the Americans Disabilities Act passed? 1990
8. What are the five areas in ADA where barriers must be removed? Employment,
transportation, public accommodations, public services, and
9. How do the authors of your text distinguish between the terms “disability” and
“handicap?” Disability is associated with the loss of physical functioning, such
as hearing, sight, or mobility, or can refer to a challenge in learning and
social adjustment, which interferes with development and growth. While
handicap is defined as a “limitation imposed on the individual by the
demands of the environment and is related to the individual’s ability to adapt
or adjust to those demands” (4).
10. What percentage of people with disabilities between the ages of 18 and 64 are
employed? 21%
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