SPC 255 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Vocational Rehabilitation Act Of 1973, Individualized Education Program, Speech-Language Pathology

75 views3 pages
27 Feb 2017
Amy Louie
Chapter 2
1. In early special education programs, where were children with very substantial
learning and behavior differences educated?
Students with very substantial learning and behavior differences were
excluded from public education entirely.
2. What was the first comprehensive national law to make available a free and
public education for students with disabilities?
Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
3. What is the current federal legislation guaranteeing all children with disabilities a
free and appropriate education called?
Public Law 94-142, part B of the Education for All Handicapped Children
Act (1975)
4. What two criteria must be met for a student to receive special education services?
Firstly, the student must be identified as having one of the disability
conditions identified in federal law, or a corresponding condition defined in
the state’s special education rules and regulation, which include mental
retardation, hearing impairments, speech or language impairments, visual
impairments, etc. Second the student needs to demonstrate the need for
specialized instruction and related services to receive appropriate education,
which is determined through parents and professionals.
5. What is the age range within which students can receive special education?
6 to 21
6. What is the definition of special education?
A specifically designed education/instruction provided to parents at no cost
in all settings (such as classroom, physical education facilities, the home, and
at hospitals or institution).
7. What are related services?
They are services necessary to ensure students with a disability benefit from
their educational experience. The services include transportation, speech
pathology, psychological services, etc.
8. What are the five major provisions of IDEA?
1. All students with a disability are entitled to a free and appropriate public
education designed to meet their unique needs, which prepare them for
employment and independent living.
2. Schools must use both nondiscriminatory and multidisciplinary
assessments in determining a student’s educational need
3. Parents have the right to be involved in decisions regarding their child’s
special education program
4. Every student must have an individualized education program (IEP).
5. Every student has the right to receive an education with nondisabled peers
to the maximum extent appropriate.
9. What are two examples of Nondiscriminatory and Multidisciplinary Assessment?
Two examples of Nondiscriminatory and Multidisciplinary Assessment are
the validation of assessment tools for the purpose for which they are being
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