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Public Affairs and Administration
PADM 2000
Emma Powell

NOTES PADM 2000 (MIDTERM) Quizzes • QUIZ 1-NONPROFIT DEFS AND THEORIES - SIX CHARACTERISITCS OF NONPROFIT (explanation)* above -DIFFERENCE B/W 501c(3) and 501c(4); “best known nonprofit organizations are “religious, charitable, and educational” organizations eligible for tax exemption under section 501(c)4false, actually 501(c)3 (make up majority of nonprofit sector)Salamon pp. 11, table 2.2 -It is believed that the nonprofit sector in the US is shrinking due to corporate dominanceFALSE (look up why -Majority of income/revenue of nonprofit sector comes from: fees, donations, (look up) -ARGUMENT THAT SUPPORTS REASON FOR NONPROFIT SECTOR’S EXSISTANCE: “to meet demands for collective goods and services that the market and government connot provide for in diverse societies—collective good”; “to support purchases who look to the non-distribution constraint to assist in decision making---trust; “to supplement the traditional society that relied of families, tribes, etc. into which people were born to provide support”---Modernization (reason for development of nonprofits; nonprofits came in and did what churches, families couldn’t do) -5 REASONS, according to Salamon, we need nonprof: 1)Value guardian 2)Advocacy(bringing light to important issues) 3) Expressive functions 4)Social Capital 5)Service provision • QUIZ 2*-CONSTITUTION, below th -Amendment 14 , gave rights to “all” (mainly indoctrinated to protected freed slaves and children/to cease slavery)---civil rights to minorities -currently used largely in marriage equality cases (not seen by all legal professionals as legit (see defining marriage as a public opinion matter, not a fundamental right) Hares, PADM 2000 MIDTERM NOTES 1 -Drawback: incarcerated individuals (rights taken away/not given back usually, esp. right to vote with/out a pardon) • QUIZ 3-HISTORY -“Before the American Revolution which entities were expected to take care of the unemployed, poor, widows, orphans, and disabled?—Families and Churches (govt stepped in and created nonprof) -“Which was the first nonprofit established by Puritans?” –Harvard University -New Deal (Great Depression, 1930s-1940sish, FDR) following the Great Depression added the following FEDERAL SOCIAL SERVICE PROGRAMS: old age pensions (now ssc), unemployment, needs-tested cash assistance [was for needy children, the blind, etc; modern examples: SNAAPS, food stamps, etc] -Caregie worked to ensure: Equality of opportunity • QUIZ 4-MISSION AND ETHICS -7 (8) criteria for evaluating a STRONG MISSION STATEMENT: (SPYCRIBB) 1-Why is the world a better place because of this org? 2- Clear belief statement 3-DOESN’T PRESCRIBE MEANS 4- Is it SUFFICENTLY BROAD? 5- Does it INSPIRE COMMITMENT? 6-IS IT SHARP, SHORT, AND FOCUSED? 7-WHAT WILL THEY BE REMEMBERED FOR IN 30 YEARS, REMEMBERABLE? 8- States WHY THEY EXSIST/ WHY NEEDED - “What is the purpose/importance of the :30 second elevator speech?”Purpose of a : 30 second elevator speech is basically to sum up what an organization is and why others should invest time and money into it; 1 in a Million chance, need of clear message! -“In Jeavon’s article, Ethics in Nonprofit Management what does it mean when he notes: “Those who presume to serve the public good assume a public trust”Trust is the life Hares, PADM 2000 MIDTERM NOTES 2 bloodline of nonprofits/ serving public good; without public trust you can’t serve the public -5 ETHICALATTRIBUTES, Jeavon—Integrity, Openness, Accountability, Charity, Service 14 Amendment/Constitution Video -14 Amendment: Used in a number of court cases for equality AMENDMENT XIV SECTION 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. Carnegie, “In America” Focused on equal opportunity and how to achieve Examples: -“Uncle Airkin hoped to remedy this flaw in American cultural life---and make a profit at it---by starting up his own lending library” p. 42 [education and lending—example of giving access to other for opportunity to educate themselves]; later establishing Allegheny city’s first quasi-public library Jeavon, Ethics -ethics question---Watergate scandal -ethical behavior, being conscious of for both org and individuals; being aware of the questions we should be asking -cultural integrity -5 ethical attributes: IOACS • Integrity--- appearance and reality; intention and action; promise and performance Hares, PADM 2000 MIDTERM NOTES 3 • Openness—way to insure other attributes; NOT A MORAL VAULE OR ATTRIBUTE (why it differs from accountability, despite similarity) • Accountability—explains choices, why we do what we do; obligation to be able to readily answer public for actions, beliefs etc (IS A MORAL VAULE/ ATTRIBUTE) • Charity—Latin: love; generosity; pity vs. concern for others • Service—reason—to serve the people, to serve the cause -What, ethics? 1. “The science of morals; the department of study concerned with the principles of human duty. (From OED, 1981 Edition) 2. The system or code of morals of a particular person, religion, group, profession, etc. (Webster’s New World Dictionary, Third College Edition) (derived from class ppt) -LIFELINE OF NONPROF: TRUST (!) -Gina Grant/Harvard Case (won’t be on midterm, good to know though) Jonker,“Mission Creep” -Something to avoid -Expanding too much, wanting to do much (moving away from original mission/ goal of organization) -RDI example (Rural Development Institute)fights mission creep by having a strong, clear mission statement; -Important to know when to say no 7 criteria 1-They (missions) are focused 2-Solve Unmet Public needs 3-Leverage unique skills 4-Guide decision making 5-Anticipate potential change(s) 6-Energize/Inspire stakeholders 7-Rememberable Hares, PADM 2000 MIDTERM NOTES 4 Salamon, book notes -HISTORY Chapt 5: Early Origins—New Deal, FDR, out of Great Depression, 1930s; --“Heart of resulting New Deal system of social welfare aid were three principal programs: 1) Old-age pensions—S
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