Crime & Media Week 1.docx

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General Education Studies
Danielle Tyson

Introduction/Theories of Crime and the Media Anomie. Characterises certain groups who experience a conflict between culturally desired goals and legitimate ways of attaining them. Behaviourism. Concerned with the objective study of observable behaviour and represents an antithetical challenge to psychoanalysis. Crime. Violation of a law where sanction must be imposed. Criminalisation. Application of the label ‘criminal’ to particular behaviours/groups. Critical criminology. Emphasises relationship between routine, everyday life and the surrounding social structures (Marxist inspired). Cultural criminology. Embraces post modernism’s concerns with the collapse of meaning, immediacy of gratification, consumption, pleasure, etc and emphasises the cultural construction of crime, crime control and role of image, style, reputation and performance among deviant subcultures. Effects research. Focuses on the impact/effects if media texts on audience attitudes/behaviours. Folk devils. Describes an individual/group defined as a threat to society, its values and interests, who become subjects of media-orchestrated moral panic. Hegemony. Refers to the ability of dominant classes to exercise social and cultural leadership and thus to maintain their power by a process of consent, not coercion. Hypodermic syringe Model of media effects (media seen as injecting ideas, model. values and info to receiver, producing direct and unmediated effects). Late modernity. Describes the condition/state of highly developed present day societies which denotes their state as a continuation/development of what went before (modernity), rather than new state (post-modernity). Left realism. Radical criminology perspective that views crime as a natural and inevitable outcome of class inequalities and patriarchy. Marxism. Proposes that the media (and all other capitalist institutions) are owned by ruling bourgeois elite and operate in their interests. Moral panic. Hostile and disproportional social reaction to a condition, episode, person or group defined as a threat. Mediated. Connect through some other person or thing. Paradigm. Shared set of ideas; dominant pattern of thinking at any given time. Pluralism. Idea that all opinions and interests should be equally represented and available. Political economy. Sociological tradition that analyses society and social phenomena (incl. media) in terms of the interplay between politics, economics and ideology). Positivism. Argues social relations can be studied scientifically and measured using methods derived from the natural sciences. Postmodernism. Embraces a rejection of claims to truth proposed by the ’grand theories’ of the past and challenges us to accept that we live in a world of contradiction and inconsistencies which are amenable to objective models of thought. Psychoanalysis. Study of people’s unconscious motivations for their actions. Reception Sophisticated view of the receivers of media texts. analysis/audience Concerned with what audiences do with the media, research. Stereotyping. Process of reducing individuals/groups to oversimplified or generalised characterisations resulting in crude and usually negative categorisations. Media as moral crusaders - The media play a part in constructing crime problems. - After this embark on a moral crusade against identified folk devils. o Desired outcome is to sway public opinion and for authorities to
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