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Abnormal Psychology 1 KEY TERMS Demonic model View of mental illness in which odd behaviour hearing voices or talking to oneself was attributed to evil spirits infesting a body Medical model View in which psychological abnormality was due to a physical disorder that required medical treatment Asylum Institution for people with mental illness created thin the 15 century Moral treatment Approach to mental illness calling for dignity kindness and respect for those with a mental illness Labelling theorists Scholars who argue that psychiatric diagnoses exert powerful negative effects on peoples perceptions and behaviours DSM Diagnostic system containing the APA criteria for mental disorders Prevalence Percentage of people within a population who have a specific mental disorder Axis Dimension of functioning Comorbidity Cooccurrence of 2 diagnoses within the same person Categorical model Mental disorder differs from normal functioning in kind rather than degree Dimensional model Mental disorder differ from normal functioning in degree rather than kind Insanity defence Legal defence proposing that people shouldnt be held legally responsible for their actions if they werent of sound mind when committing them Involuntary commitment Procedure of placing some people with mental illness in a psychiatric hospital or other facility based on their potential danger to themselvesothers or their inability to care for themselves Somatoform disorder Condition marked by physical symptoms that suggest an underlying medical illness but that are actually psychological in origin Major depressive episode State in which a person experiences a lingering depressed mooddiminished interest in pleasurable activities along with symptoms that incl weight loss and sleep Cognitive model of depression Theory that depression is caused by negative beliefs and expectations Learned helplessness Tendency to feel helpless in events we cant control Manic episode Experience marked by dramatically elevated mood decreased need for sleep increase in energy inflated selfesteem increased
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