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Chapter 15

7121 Chapter Notes - Chapter 15: Life Satisfaction, Menopause, Mathematical Optimization

7 pages27 viewsFall 2016

Department
University of Canberra
Course Code
7121
Professor
Andrew
Chapter
15

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LATE ADULTHOOD: physical, cognitive, social and personality development
The prime of life
- Peak of accomplishment, self respect
oSurvey revealed the 50s
- Peak of cognitive powers 50-60s
- Edge over younger of planning, leaderships etc
- ‘command generation’
oPresidents, judges, ceos etc
- Family reltioships = new meanings
- Career doors close
- Need to savour time
Life satisfaction at 50
- Feel happiers, healthier, more proud of selves and confident, happier with finances than 30-40,
and 60-70
oWomen surveyed btw 30 and 70
Turning points and transition events of late middle age
- Transition events: changes in ones life situation that demand new patterns of coping
oMenopause, divorce, grandparenthood, retirement
oClose off certain avenues of life activity but stimulate opening of others
oNew identity elements enter personality
- Aboriginal; elder status = respected, spiritual, leader
oWhole community
Psychological adjustment to life transitions
- Stress, emotional upheaval and coping
oMany resources to deal with this
oOpen to many interpretations
- How they react matters
oCan lead to psychological growth, stangnation or loss
Depends on personality
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oIe viewing work as just a paycheck not life = retirement is easier
- Normal timing gives social support
Cultural expectations and the social clock
- Timing of events matter in societies eyes
- Little social support if timing was wrong
- Ie childbearing; but medicine = can now have kids at 50
Intellectucal and cognitivr development in late middle age
- Age of wisdom
o41-79
oMean age of 64
- More experience with real life problems
Schaies stage theory
- That adult intellectual growth can progress to stages beyond those achieved with Piagetian
formal operations
- Qualitative and quantitative changes in thinking
- His study; 5000 men and women
oBtw 50-60 most had reached peak mental performance in domains of language ability,
reasoning, memory, geometry and creatively fluent thinking
o67 – some decline
- Not everyone passes through all stages
- Old age alone isn’t enough for wisdom
oMental and physical health with challenges
- Responsible stage: advances cognitive development through the challenges of nurturing others
cognitive growth as well as ones own
oLike eriksons generativity crisis
oBeing a mentor helps
- Executive stage: well into middle age. Solving problems faced by wider social insitutions for
which they have a big responsibility
oCeos, volunteers, sporting etc
oResolving conflicts and coordinating incompatible needs so as to work as a unit
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