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Chapter 1

SPAN 1013 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Informa

Course Code
SPAN 1013
Thon Sonia

of 2
Lección 1, segunda parte ( Lesson 1, part 2)
Subject pronouns: These are used when referring to people or pets.
Yo --- I
--- ou, the iforal ersio ou ould use this he speakig to frieds or
family, not when speaking to professors or strangers)
Usted --- You, the foral ersio to e used he speakig to soeoe ith
authorit or to stragers. Note that usted a e shorteed to Ud.
Él/ Ella --- He/ “he
Nosotros/ Nosotras --- We. Nosotros is the asulie for ad osotras is the
feminine form. If you are talking about a group of males and females, you use
Vosotros/ Vosotras --- You, this is informal and is generally only used in Spain.
Ustedes --- You, this is foral ut eause ost outries do’t use
vosotros/vosotras, ustedes is used as both a formal and informal form of address.
Note that ustedes a e shorteed to Uds..
Ellos --- The asulie ersio of The. Note that he ou are talkig aout a group
of ales ad feales ou use ellos.
Ellas --- The feiie ersio of The. Ol used he the hole group of people
being spoken about is female.
The verb Ser:
*Note: this is the Eglish er To e.
Yo soy --- I a. Example: Yo soy de Caadá. (I am from Canada.)
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Tú eres --- You are, this is the iforal ersio of ou are as the sujet proou
tú is used. Example: Tú eres iteresate. (You are interesting.)
Usted es --- You are, the foral ersio. Reeer that usted a e shorteed to
ud. Eaple: Usted es iteligete. You are intelligent.)
Él/ Ella es --- He/ “he is. Eaple: Él es perezoso. He is laz.
Nosotros/ Nosotras somos --- We are. Reeer that osotros is used if our group
is all ale or ale ad feale. Nosotros is only used if your group is completely
female. Eaple: Nosotras somos traajadoras. We [group of girls] are hard-
Vosotros/ Vosotras sois --- You are. Reeer that osotros/osotras is iforal
and usually only used in Spain. Vosotros ould be used when speaking about a group
of ales ad feales or a group of all ales. Vosotras ould e used he speakig
about a group of females. Eaple: Vosotros sois hileos. You are Chilea.
Ustedes son --- You are. Reeer that ustedes is usuall foral ut is also used
iforall i ost outries eause the do ot use osotros. Also ou a see
ustedes areiated as uds. Eaple: Ustedes son oloiaos. You are
Ellos/ Ellas son --- The are. Ellos is the asulie ersio of the ad is used
when talking about a group of all males or when talking about a group of males and
feales. Ellas is the feiie ersio of the ad is ol used he talkig aout a
group of all feales. Eaple: Ellos son pequeños. The are sall.
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