Defamation: making false statements to harm the reputation of an individual, business,
product, group.... etc.
Passing Off: (Common Law Tort) can be used to enforce unregistered trademark rights.
The tort of passing off protects the goodwill of a trader from a misrepresentation that
causes damage to goodwill.
Wrongful Dismissal: the employer has terminated employment and the termination
breaches one or more of the terms in the employment contract
Pay in lieu of notice: payment made to an employee by the employer, rather than the
employee working. An employee dismissed for gross misconduct is not entitled to any
pay or notice
Invitation to treat: (Contract Law) These do not require any consideration, and they are
Agent: person representing and acting on behalf of a principal in dealings with third
Constructive Dismissal: Unilaterally demoting or changing the duties of and employee,
contrary to what was agreed to in the employment contract; conduct that essentially
terminates a preexisting contractual relationship, which could be treated as a dismissal
Bylaws: rule or law established by an organization or community to regulate itself, as
allowed or provided for by some higher authority. rule or law established by an
organization or community to regulate itself, as allowed or provided for by some