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APCO 1P50 (1)
Chapter 8-10

Chapter 8-10 apco.docx

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Brock University
Applied Computing
Harry John

Chapter 8 The impact of IT on the Standard of Living and Worker Productivity • The Digital Divide o The divide must be bridged to improve resolution of: Health, crime, and other emergencies o Access to IT and communications technology enhances learning, provides educational and economic opportunities • Education Rate (E-Rate) program was created by the telecommunications Act of 96 with the goal of helping schools and libraries obtain discounted rates o Administered by the Universal Service Administrative Company (USAC) Models of Technological Diffusion • Technological diffusion: Rate at which a new technology is assimilated grouped by their socioeconomic status into three groups (A, B, C) • Normalization model: A = B = C • Stratification model: A>B>C The Impact of IT on Healthcare Costs • Rapidly rising costs are above inflation due to new tech • Electronic health record (EHR) o Computer readable record of health-related information o Improves patient care and reduces costs • Health information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (HITECH) o Requires Gov. to develop standards for nationwide exchange and use of info o Provides $20 billion in incentives, saves half of that through improvements in quality of care and strengthens protection of identifiable health information Chapter 9 Use of Social Networks in the Hiring Process • 90% of recruiters use some form of social media. • Employers look at Facebook and reject candidates who post drug, or provocative photos Online Virtual Worlds • Shared multimedia, computer-generated environment in which users represented by avatars can communicate • New Media Consortium (NMC) o Explores new media and tech to improve teaching and learning, international consortium of hundreds of organizations o Second life work microsites  Enable businesses and Gov agencies to use second life for virtual meeting which stimulates engaged collaborative learning Chapter 10 Contingent Workers • Contingent work is a job situation in which an individual does not have an explicit or implicit contract for long-term employment including: Independent contractors, temp workers • Employee leasing: Business outsources all or part of its workforce to a professional employer organization. • Coemployment relationship: Two employers have actual or potential legal rights and duties with respect to the same employee or group o Advantages: Business doesn't have to pay benefits, and does not custom
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