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Chapter 1

CHYS 2P10 Chapter 1: CHYS 2P10- Chapter 1summary

Child and Youth Studies
Course Code
Anthony Volk

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September 9th 2016
CHYS 2P10- Chapter 1: An Introduction to Child Development
Goal is to find out how biological and environmental factors influence
children’s intellectual, social and emotional development.
Developmental researchers studied the children’s growth for more than 30
Results from the study show that environmental and biological factors
combine the development of the child.
Children who show great resilience in the face of adversity are among the
most heartening findings of research within child development.
In Canada prevalence rates for spanking range from 50%- 66%
“Turtle technique” – when children felt angry they were to move away from
other children and retreat to their turtle shell where they could think
through the situation until they were ready to emerge from shell
Plato, Aristotle, Locke, and Rousseau raised basic questions about child
development and proposed interesting hypothesis about them but they
lacked the scientific methods to answer them
Freud and Watson began the movement toward modern researched based
theories of child development
Principles, findings, and methods from child development research are being
applied to improve the quality of children’s lives
Scientific method involves choosing a question, formulating a hypothesis
relevant to the question, developing a method to test the hypothesis and
using data to decide if the hypothesis is correct
The main situations used to gather data about children are interviews,
naturalistic observations and structured observations
Interviews- useful for revealing children’s subjective experience
Naturalistic observations- useful when the primary goal is to describe how
children behave in their everyday environment
Structured observation- useful when the main goal is to describe how
different children react to the identical situation
Experimental designs are valuable for revealing the causes of children’s
Data about development can be obtained through, cross-sectional designs
(examining different children of different ages), longitudinal designs
(examining the same children at different ages), or micro genetic designs
(presenting the same children repeated relevant experiences over a
relatively short period in analyzing the change process in detail)
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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