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HLSC 1F90 (26)

Psycho social Health Week 13

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Health Sciences
Madeline Law

Week 13 CHSC 1P90: Psychosocial Health 7 January 2014 Introductions: Professor: Dr. Kelli-an Lawrence PhD ([email protected]) How to achieve good grades: Make sure to activity read the assigned readings meaning making notes, re read things and high light things just so that you can understand the readings more and more. Make sure you read it and know what it is nd Tuesday, February 25 is the 2 term test. After the break test. Email Kelly pilato in advance [email protected] during Thrusday jan 16t 10-12, thrusday jan 23, 10-12 Lecture overview: Definition of psychosocial health Focus on mental health Mentally healthy children Personal & social costs of poor mental health Use of 7 barriers to treatment Future of mental health services Depression of stress Defining health Health is more than the absence of illness Recall from ch 1, health has many dimensions: • Physical • Social • Mental • Occupation • Emotional • Environmental • Spiritual Psychosocial health: a complex interaction of spiritual, emotional, social, and mental wellness. Spiritual Health, reflects the individuals values, beliefs, and perceptions of the world and all living things, often defined as a sense of connectedness, energy, transcendence Emotional health, refers to complex patterns of feelings individuals continually experience: joy, anger fear, grief, surprise love Social health, effects the individual’s ability to form social bonds and to use and provide the social support in time of need Mental health, reflects the individual’s ability to perceiver and responds to physical & psychosocial environment in a realistic way Week 13 CHSC 1P90: Psychosocial Health 7 January 2014 Development of health Development of health – including psychosocial health – begins in childhood Childhood development can be defined as a process experienced by all children, whereby they seek to: (1)Meet basic human needs feeling cared for, safe, valued, useful, spiritually grounded (2)Build skills that allow them to function and contribute into their daily lives (Pittman, 1993, p.8) • Factors influencing health childhood devilment • Genetic makeup& brain development • Physical environment (housing, neighbour conditions) • Psychosocial environment (family income/ education) • Access to nutritious food, physical recreation, medical care • Parents, caregivers, friends, teachers, neighbours, and the community at large must: • Have knowledge, skills, to promote health • Create neighbourhoods/ schools where children thrive • Help children develop their own knowledge, skills, and resources for health One way to have healthy kids would be to have little kids, that walk to school, they will get exercise, see things, meet new people and talk to other students. What is mental health?  Textbook - reflects the individual’s ability to perceive and respond to physical & psychosocial environment in realistic ways WHO - a state of well-being in which an individual realizes his or own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productivity and is able to make a contribution of this to his or her community Mental illness or disorder – Institute of medicine • A condition that meets DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for mental or substance abuse disorders, which includes the presence of both significant levels of symptomatology and impairment in functioning. • Ex. I feel so depressed, doesn’t mean they are depressed it just means that they feel it unless they are actually treated for it and that would mean they have a mental problem not a mental illness Mental Health Problems – Institute of medicine • Difficulties that may be early signs or symptoms or mental (or behaviour or emotional) disorder but are not frequent or severe enough to meet the criteria for a diagnosis. Week 13 CHSC 1P90: Psychosocial Health 7 January 2014 Mental illness: Prevalence • Epidemiological studies with representative Canadian samples show 14-25% of children/teens (>1 million youth) would meet diagnostic criteria for 1+ mental illness • In ON, 15-21% of youth have 1+ mental disorder • Mental illness typically continue into adulthood o Among adults with mental disorders, 50% had symptoms/ onset by age 14; (75% by age 24) • Prevalence of anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, suicide is higher among 15- 24 year olds, than adults 24+ years Mental illness: social costs • Children/ teens unaddressed mental health problems may increase their risk of: • Health-damaging behaviours • Criminal behaviour • Substance abuse • Suicide o Unrecognized/ untreated mental disorders are the most significant risk factors for youth suicide o Suicide is leardng cause of death among older youth o Canada has 3 highest teen suicide rate among developed countries Mental illness: treatment • Children o Among children with diagnosable mental health disorders, treatment is accessed by:  15% in Ontario  20% across Canada o Many more children with mental health problems that impact their psychosocial functioning (Inc. school success, peer and family interactions) get no help • Teens/ young adults o Among teens with major depressive disorder = 60% receive mental health services Individual barriers to treatment • Stigma o Stigma is a key barrier to seeking care and following treatment plans o Stigma = negative stereotypes about mental illness; devaluation of mentally ill individuals; discrimination towards them o Fear of being stigmatised can:  Prevent teens, young adults and parents of children from seeking help  Threaten recovery (if treatment is “hidden”)  Impede social/ school (re-) connections Parents don’t
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