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Chapter 1-10

LING 4P10 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1-10: Universal Grammar, Implicit Learning, Explicit Knowledge


Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LING 4P10
Professor
James Corcoran
Chapter
1-10

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
Chapter One; The Nature of Theories


 

!"#

$
%"&
 
%
%'
!
(#)#
* "
"
*# 
"
!"
 
 
"#
#
!+,!-$
*
! -#


.+
"
What needs to be explained by theories in SLA
Observation 1: exposure to input is necessary for SLA
/)+,
""
"
Observation 2: A good deal of SLA happens incidentally
/"
"#
Observation 3: Learners come to know more than what they
have been exposed to in the input

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

/#",

Observation 4: learners output speech often follows
predictable paths with predictable stages in the acquisition of
a given structure
/ )0)
1(23 2'""
)1)3

Observation 5: SL learning is variable in its outcome
/ "#"
""
Observation 6: SL learning is variable across linguistic
subsystems.
/ 
 
Observation 7: There are limits on the e,ects of frequency on
SLA
/))
Observation 8: There are limits on the e,ect of a learner’s /rst
language on SLA.
/4""  
 
Observation 9: There are limits on the e,ects of instruction on
SLA.
/')
/)
""" "
/ '
""))
")
Observation 10: There are limits on the e,ects of output on
language acquisition
/  """'
) 5
Explicit versus Implicit
6""
"

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

#
"
5""
#"
Chapter 2: Early Theories in SLA
Behaviourism & Structural Linguistics
 !2,"%7!%/89:
 ""
 ; 0 
  
< $  0="/0
> -"/"  

?"0 "@ ?@
9 ! 
""
 ")

"
A * "" 
 

B 6/"
8 C7; -"/
"""
 
 D"
 "

 !""E
"""
 #F #

 /,
",
)
<  /
""G
> +""H 
""H" 7
Major Implications:
.,
G
='G
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