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PSYC 1F90 (156)

Chapter Nine: Cognition, Language, Creativity, Intelligence: Introduction to Psych

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Brock University
Kathryn Belicki

Chapter 9 Cognition Language Creativity Intelligence Concepts ideas that represent categories of objects or events Thinking involves images concepts and language rare form of imagery synaesthesia use mental images to make a decision solve a problem change feelings improve skill prepare for some action aid memory we can mentally picture objects in a 3D state seeing something in your mind is similar to seeing it in front of your face when forming an image brain areas that store memories send signals to visual cortex where image is created use stored images to apply past experiences to problem solving people with good imaging abilities score higher on tests of creativity size ofimage can affect thinking smaller images makes It harder for possibility to see finer details muscular responses do relate to thinking we think with our bodies and our heads while thinking and talking kinesthetic sensations can guide the flow of ideas people with good kinesthetic imagery learn bodily skills faster than those with poor imagery Concept formation process of classifying information into meaningful categoriesbased on experience with positive and negative instances ex child learning the concept of a dog often require concepts by learning forming rules conceptual rule is a guideline to decide where objectevent belong to a concept class There are different kinds of concepts Conjunctive and concepts defined by the presence of two or more features Relational how object is related to something else or how its features relate to one another Disjunctive has at least one of several possible features Prototype an ideal model used as a prime example of a particular concept inaccurate concepts lead to thinking errors allornothing thinking one dimensional thought as we classify things as absolutely right or wrong etc Concepts have two types of meaning denotative exact definition Connotative emotional or personal meaning
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