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Chapter 12

psychology Chapter 12.docx

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Ronald Cummings

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Chapter 12 PersonalityThe Psychology of PersonalityPersonality a persons unique and relatively stable behaviour pattern consistency in who you are have been and will becomeCharacter person characteristics that have been judged or evaluated a persons desirable or undesirable qualitiesTemperament the hereditary aspects of personality including sensitivity activity levels prevailing mood irritability and adaptionPersonality Traits a stable enduring quality that a person shows in most situationsInfluence our health marital and occupational successPersonality states to stabilizes around age 3 and continues to harden through age 50Do we Inherit PersonalityBehavioral Genetics the study of inherited behavioral traits and tendenciesHereditary has a sizeable affect on us 2550of personality traitsEnvironment plays a bigger partPersonality Type people who have several traits in commonIntrovert a person whose attention is focused inward a shy reserves and selfcentered personExtrovert a person whose attention is directed outward bold and outgoingSelfConcept a persons perception of his or her own personality traitsBuild self concepts out of out daily experiencesAffect our behaviour and personal adjustmentSelfEsteem regarding oneself as a worthwhile person a positive evaluation of oneselfPeople who have low selfesteem suffer from poor self knowledgePersonality Theories a system of concepts assumptions ideas and principles used to understand and explain personality 1 Trait Theories attempt to learn what traits make up personality and how they relate to actual behaviour 2 Psychodynamic Theories focus on the inner workings of personality especially internal conflicts and struggles 3 Behavioristic and Social Learning Theories place importance on the external environment and on the effects of conditioning and learning social learning theories attribute differences in personality to socialization expectations and mental process 4 Humanistic Theories stress private subjective experience and personal growth The Trait Approach
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