PSYC 1F90 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Blood Sugar, Libido, Sensation Seeking

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15 Apr 2012
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Cengage Now: Chapter 10: Motivation and Emotion
1. Needs for power, affiliation, approval, status, security, and achievement are referred to as
________ motives. [learned]
2. Which of the following options best depicts the chain of events associated with the model of
motivation described in the text? [need, drive, response, goal]
3. Emotion is often characterized by physiological change. Which of the following characteristics is
subject to a bodily reaction due to emotion? [all of these (blood pressure, perspiration, heart
rate)]
4. Which branch of the nervous system is responsible for "fleeing or fighting" during an emergency?
[sympathetic]
5. Kevin was in a car accident where he sustained damage that totally destroyed the lateral area of
his hypothalamus. How might this affect his eating habits? [he won’t eat]
6. ________ are low intensity emotional states that can last for extended periods of time. [moods]
7. Destroying the ventromedial hypothalamus will cause a rat to: [start eating]
8. Which of the following is a biological motive? [hunger]
9. As the levels of blood glucose ________, the ________ sends nerve impulses to the brain that
signal "a desire to begin eating." [drop; liver]
10. Extracellular thirst occurs when water is lost from the fluids surrounding the cells of your body.
Which of the following factors might cause this type of thirst? [drinking alcohol]
11. Which of the following illustrates a gender difference in emotional expression observed by Fischer
and colleagues (2004) in Western cultures? [boys are encouraged to express anger and
hostility]
12. Wendy is salaried and does not receive extra pay for overtime hours worked. One night, she
stayed at the office in an effort to complete a project because she "wanted to do a good job and
feel a sense of satisfaction when it was done." Wendy is ________ motivated. [intrinsically]
13. Which of the following is NOT a social motive? [sex]
14. Which of the following demographics are likely to score highly on Zuckerman's (1996) Sensation-
Seeking Scale? [all of these (men, people from America, Israel and Ireland, young people)]
15. Which of the following is NOT a "creativity killer" on the job: [working for your own intrinsic
satisfaction]
16. According to Druckman & Bjork (1994), self-confidence in an activity might be derived from
following steps such as: [seeing failure as a sign that you should try harder]
17. Gwen calculated her Body Mass Index and found that it was 23. Based on this number, how
might she classify herself? [normal weight]
18. How is the drive to avoid pain different from the hunger and thirst drives that we encounter? [it
occurs in distinct episodes when damage takes place]
19. Behavioral dieting does not include which of the following steps? [strengthening eating cues]
20. Motivated activities often begin with a ________,which is deficiency or internal lack of something.
[need]
21. ________ refers to evaluating the personal meaning of a stimulus. [emotional appraisal]
22. Which branch of the nervous system reverses emotional arousal by calming and relaxing the
body? [parasympathetic]
23. If you can be classified as being high in "sensation seeking," which of the following situations is
most palatable for you? [bungee jump]
24. ________, hormones such as testosterone, regulate sex drive in males. [androgen]
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