PSYC 1F90 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Blood Sugar, Libido, Sensation Seeking

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15 Apr 2012
Cengage Now: Chapter 10: Motivation and Emotion
1. Needs for power, affiliation, approval, status, security, and achievement are referred to as
________ motives. [learned]
2. Which of the following options best depicts the chain of events associated with the model of
motivation described in the text? [need, drive, response, goal]
3. Emotion is often characterized by physiological change. Which of the following characteristics is
subject to a bodily reaction due to emotion? [all of these (blood pressure, perspiration, heart
4. Which branch of the nervous system is responsible for "fleeing or fighting" during an emergency?
5. Kevin was in a car accident where he sustained damage that totally destroyed the lateral area of
his hypothalamus. How might this affect his eating habits? [he won’t eat]
6. ________ are low intensity emotional states that can last for extended periods of time. [moods]
7. Destroying the ventromedial hypothalamus will cause a rat to: [start eating]
8. Which of the following is a biological motive? [hunger]
9. As the levels of blood glucose ________, the ________ sends nerve impulses to the brain that
signal "a desire to begin eating." [drop; liver]
10. Extracellular thirst occurs when water is lost from the fluids surrounding the cells of your body.
Which of the following factors might cause this type of thirst? [drinking alcohol]
11. Which of the following illustrates a gender difference in emotional expression observed by Fischer
and colleagues (2004) in Western cultures? [boys are encouraged to express anger and
12. Wendy is salaried and does not receive extra pay for overtime hours worked. One night, she
stayed at the office in an effort to complete a project because she "wanted to do a good job and
feel a sense of satisfaction when it was done." Wendy is ________ motivated. [intrinsically]
13. Which of the following is NOT a social motive? [sex]
14. Which of the following demographics are likely to score highly on Zuckerman's (1996) Sensation-
Seeking Scale? [all of these (men, people from America, Israel and Ireland, young people)]
15. Which of the following is NOT a "creativity killer" on the job: [working for your own intrinsic
16. According to Druckman & Bjork (1994), self-confidence in an activity might be derived from
following steps such as: [seeing failure as a sign that you should try harder]
17. Gwen calculated her Body Mass Index and found that it was 23. Based on this number, how
might she classify herself? [normal weight]
18. How is the drive to avoid pain different from the hunger and thirst drives that we encounter? [it
occurs in distinct episodes when damage takes place]
19. Behavioral dieting does not include which of the following steps? [strengthening eating cues]
20. Motivated activities often begin with a ________,which is deficiency or internal lack of something.
21. ________ refers to evaluating the personal meaning of a stimulus. [emotional appraisal]
22. Which branch of the nervous system reverses emotional arousal by calming and relaxing the
body? [parasympathetic]
23. If you can be classified as being high in "sensation seeking," which of the following situations is
most palatable for you? [bungee jump]
24. ________, hormones such as testosterone, regulate sex drive in males. [androgen]
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