PSYC 1F90 Chapter Notes -Apperception, Toilet Training

32 views1 pages
15 Apr 2012
Department
Course
Cengage now: Ch. 12: Personality
1. Humanists view human nature as inherently: [good]
2. ________ refers to the mental "picture" you have of your own personality. [self-concept]
3. Mark was described by a Freudian psychologist as someone who likes to shout, curse, and bite
when he gets angry. According to Freudian theory, Mark has a(n) ________ personality. [oral-
aggressive]
4. Micah wanted to assess the behavior of Joel, a kindergartener. Through a two-way mirror, she conducted
a(n) ________ where she counted the frequency of specific behaviors without his knowledge. [behavioral
assessment]
5. A person with low self-esteem is likely to be: [all of these (insecure, lacking in confidence, self-critical)]
6. Which of the following is NOT a limitation of the personality interview methodology? [it is fast]
7. The concept of ________ refers to the anticipation that a response will be reinforced.
[expectancy]
8. The five-factor model of personality includes all of the following EXCEPT: [authenticity]
9. A ________ is a system of concepts, assumptions, and ideas proposed to explain personality. [personality
theory]
10. Sara has been described by her friends as being shy. From this description, we can probably deduce that
she displays which of the following personality traits? [all of these (a tendency to avoid others,
uneasiness while socializing, preoccupation]
11. According to Freud, the ego is governed by the: [reality principle]
12. Learning theorists are interested in ________, which refer to external causes of our actions.
[situational determinants]
13. According to Seligman, Peterson, and others (2004), which of the following positive personality traits
contribute to well-being and life satisfaction? [courage]
14. Cattell found that surface traits often appeared together in groups so that they seemed to represent a single
more basic trait of personality called: [source traits]
15. Unlike sudden murderers, habitually violent inmates are: [impulsive]
16. Glen took a personality test where he saw various scenes and he had to make up a story about
what was going on. He was probably taking the: [thematic apperception test]
17. According to behaviorists: [personality is acquired through conditioning and observational
learning]
18. According to Rogers, much behavior can be explained by maintaining consistency between the self-image
and our actions. When a person who thinks of himself as generous refuses to make a donation to the
Salvation Army, this individual is said to exist in a state of: [incongruence]
19. Mike visited a psychologist to assess his personality. The psychologist kept the conversation
informal and discussed topics freely as they arose. She was conducting a(n): [unstructured
interview]
20. In general, ________ are stable qualities that an individual displays in most situations.
[personality traits]
21. Which of the psychosexual stages is associated with toilet training (ages 1-3 years)? [anal]
22. James took a personality test that assessed his Big 5 traits. He scored very highly on items that assessed
"perfectionism." To what dimension is this related? [conscientiousness]
23. What was Freud's term for life instincts? [eros]
24. According to the Humanistic school of thought, we are creative beings capable of ________. [free choice]
25. According to Allport, the basic building blocks of personality are called: [central traits]
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 1 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.