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Chapter 17

PSYC 1F90 Chapter Notes - Chapter 17: Disinhibition, Authoritarian Personality, Ethology

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John Mitterer

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17.1: Why do people aliate?
aliation is tied to needs for approval, support, friendship, and love; it also
reduces anxiety
Prosocial behaviour: any behaviour that has a positive impact on other people
Antisocial behavior: any behavior that has a negative impact on other people
Need to aliate: the desire to associate with other people
17.2: What factors inuence interpersonal attraction?
its increased by familiarity, physical proximity, frequent contact, similarity,
attractiveness, and reciprocity
Interpersonal attraction: social attraction to another person
Homogamy: marriage of two people who are similar to one another
Reciprocity: a reciprocal exchange of feelings, thoughts, or things between people
Self-disclosure: process of revealing private thoughts, feelings, and one’s personal
history to others
Social exchange: any exchange between 2 people of attention, information,
a(ection, favors, or the like
Social exchange theory: theory stating that rewards must exceed costs for
relationships to endure
Comparison level: a personal standard used to evaluate rewards and costs in a
social exchange
17.3: How do liking and loving di!er?
liking involves a desire for intimacy with another person while love involves
desiring intimacy
as well as passion and/or commitment
Romantic love: love that is associated with high levels of interpersonal attraction,
heightened arousal, mutual absorption, and sexual desire
Intimacy: feelings of connectedness and a(ection for another person
Commitment: the determination to stay in a long-term relationship with another
Liking: a relationship based on intimacy, but lacking passion and commitment
Companionate love: form of love characterized by intimacy and commitment but
not passion
Consummate love: form of love characterized by intimacy, passion, and
Mutual absorption: with regard to romantic love, the nearly exclusive attention
lovers give to one another
Secure attachment: a stable and positive emotional bond
Avoidant attachment: an emotional bond marked by a tendency to resist
commitment to others
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