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Chapter 13

PSYC 1F90 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Learned Helplessness, Reaction Formation, Defence Mechanisms

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John Mitterer

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PSYC 1F90 Chapter 13 Notes: Health, Stress, Coping
13.1: What is health psychology and how does behavior a#ect health?
theres a number of behavioural risk factors that have a major eect on
general health and life
expectancy. Ex: diet, alcohol, exercise, smoking
Health psychology: study of the ways in which behavioural principles can be used to
prevent illness and promote health
Behavioural medicine: study of behavioral factors in medicine, physical illness, and
medical treatment
Lifestyle disease: disease related to health-damaging personal habits
Behavioural risk factors: behaviours that increase the chances of disease, injury, or
premature death
Disease-prone personality: a personality type associated with poor health marked
by persistent negative emotions, including anxiety depression, and hostility
Refusal skills training: program that teaches youths how to resist pressures to begin
Life skills training: a program that teaches stress reduction, self protection, decision
making, self control, and social skills
Community health campaign: a community wide education program that provides
information about how to lessen risk factors and promote health
Wellness: a positive state of good health; more than the absence of disease
13.2: What is stress and what factors determine its severity?
factors that determine its severity: pressure, lack of control,
intense/repeated emotional
shocks, unpredictability of stressor
Stress: the mental and physical condition that occurs when a person must adjust or
adapt to the environment
Stress reaction: physical response to stress, consisting mainly of bodily changes
related to autonomic nervous system arousal
General adaption syndrome (GAS): series of bodily reactions to prolonged stress;
occurs in 3 stages: alarm, resistance and exhaustion
Alarm reaction: 0rst stage of the GAS during which bodily resources are mobilized to
cope with a stressor
Stage of resistance: 2nd stage during which bodily adjustments to stress stabilize but
at a high physical cost
Stage of exhaustion: 3rd stage of the GAS, at which time the bodys resources are
exhausted and serious health consequences occur
Psychoneuroimmunology: study of the links among behavior, stress, disease, and
the immune system
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