PSYC 1F90 Chapter Notes - Chapter 70: Social Comparison Theory, Reference Group, Philip Zimbardo

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25 Mar 2016
Department
Course
Professor
PSYC%1F90%
Module 70: Social PsychologySocial Psychology
Social Behaviour and Cognition
Topics'Covered'This'Chapter'
Characteristics%of%Groups%
Individuals%in%a%Social%Context%
Social%Cognition%
Attitudes%
Attitude%Change%
%
%
%
%
%
%
Key'Terms'(bold'indicates'expected'to'know'for'the'final)'
'
Actor?observer%bias:%tendency%to%attribute%
ones%own%behaviour%as%external%(situations%
and%circumstances),%and%others%as%internal%
Attitudes:%a%learned%tendency%to%respond%to%
people,%objects,%or%institutions%in%a%
positive/negative%way%
causes%(personalities,%likes,%etc)%
Cognitive%Dissonance:%the%state%of%having%
inconsistent%thoughts,%beliefs,%or%attitudes,%
in%relation%specifically%to%behavioral%
decisions%and%attitude%change.%
Fundamental%Attribution%Theory:%tendency%
to%attribute%others%behaviour%to%internal%
Group%Cohesiveness:%The%degree%of%
attractiveness%among%groups%members%
(how%much%attraction%they%have),%and%their%
commitment%to%remaining%in%a%group%
Group%Structure:%The%networked%roles,%
communication%pathways,%and%power%in%a%
group.%
In?Group:%a%group%with%which%a%person%
identifies%
Making%Attributions:%process%of%making%an%
inference%about%the%cause%of%one’s%own%and%
others%
Norms:%Widely%accepted,%but%unspoken%
standards%for%appropriate%behaviour.%
Out?Group:%a%group%with%which%a%person%
does%not%identify%
Persuasion:%a%deliberate%attempt%to%change%
attitudes/beliefs%with%evidence/information%
and%arguments.%
Reference%groups:%any%group%that%individual%
use%as%a%standard%for%social%comparison%%
Social%Cognition:%process%of%thinking%about%
ourselves%and%other%in%a%social%context%
Social%Comparison:%Making%judgement%
about%ourselves%through%comparison%with%
others%
Social%Psychology:%The%study%of%how%
humans%behave,%thank,%and%feel%in%a%social%
context.%
Social%Roles:%the%expectant%behaviour%
pattern%associated%with%a%particular%social%
position.%(mother,%student,%teacher,%etc.)%%
Social%Status:%An%individual%position%in%a%
social%structure,%specially%with%respect%to%
power,%
Social%Status:%An%individuals%position%in%a%
social%structure,%especially%with%respect%to%
power,%privilege,%or%importance%
%
%
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