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Chapter 12-13

PSYC 2P12 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12-13: Semantic Memory, Intergenerational Equity, Dependency Ratio

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Cathy Mondloch

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PSYC 2P12 Chapter 12: Midlife
Big ve: 5 core psychological predispositions that underlie personality
neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, conscientiousness,
Generativity: (Erickson) 7th task in which people in midlife nd meaning from
nurturing the next generation, caring for others, or enriching lives of others through
their work
Hedonic happiness: well being dened as pure pleasure
Eudaimonic happiness: well being dened as having a sense of meaning and life
Commitment script: type of autobiography produced by highly generative adults
that involves childhood memories of feeling special; being unusually sensitive to
others misfortunes, having a string enduring mission from adolescence, and
redemption sequences
Redemption sequence: a characteristic theme of highly generative adults
biographies in which they describe tragic events that turned out for the best
WAIS: standard test to measure adult IQ involving verbal and performance scales
each of which is made up of various subtests
Seattle Longitudinal study: study of the e4ect of aging on intelligence involving
simultaneously conducting and comparing results of cross sectional and longitudinal
studies carried out with a group of seattle volunteers (Warner Schaie)
Crystalized intelligence: facet of intelligence consisting of a persons knowledge
base or storehouse of accumulated information
Fluid intelligence: facet of intelligence consisting of the ability to quickly aster new
intellectual abilities
Terminal drop: dramatic decline in an older persons scores on vocabulary tests and
other measures of crystalized intelligence predicts having a terminal disease
Selective optimization with compensation: (Baltes) 3 principles of successful aging
and living:
1) selectively focusing on what is most important (selection)
2) working harder to perform well in those top ranking areas (optimization)
3) relying on external aids to cope e4ectively (compensation)
Post formal thought: a uniquely adult form of intelligence that involves being
sensitive to di4erent perspectives, making decisions based o ones inner feelings
and being interested in exploring new questions
Family watchdogs: role of grandparents, which involves monitoring the younger
family members well being and intervening to provide help in a crisis
Caregiving grandparents: who have taken on full responsibility for raising their
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