Chapter 2: What are the Issue and the Conclusion?
Before we evaluate someone’s reasoning , we must first find it.
To form a reasonable reaction, we must identify the issue and controversy, as well as the thesis
and conclusion. From there we can understand the intended message.
An issue is a question or controversy responsible for the conversation or discussion. It is the
stimulus for what is being said.
Those that raise questions about the accuracy of descriptions of the past, present, or future.
o Eg. Does/What/Is/How much/How good
They all require an answer attempting to describe the way the world was, is, or is going to be.
They are usually found in textbooks, magazines, the Internet, and TV
Reflect our curiosity
Require answers suggesting the way the world ought to be
o Eg. Should/What ought to be done/Must
These issues are ethical or oral; they raise questions about what is right or wrong, desirable or
undesirable, good or bad.
Searching for the Issue
The writer will either straight out tell