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PSCI 2101 (1)

Ishiyama Book Summary.docx

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Political Science
PSCI 2101
Andrea Chandler

Ishiyama Book Summary • How the does one promote the development of political democracy? What are the factors that help explain the emergence of it? Understanding factors can help us understand why democracy cannot be built in certain states (Afghanistan, Iraq) o Based on institutional arrangement, given a set of historical, economic, social, cultural and international circumstances Chapter 2- democracy and democratization from historical perspective • History matters a great deal • Notion that the past provides legacies for future developments is relevant everywhere • Legacies of the authoritarian past explain why countries have an easier transition to democracy more easily than others Chapter 3- Economics and Political Development • Level of economic development and wealth impacts the development of democracy • Countries that have more wealth would transition easier than poorer countries. Chapter 4- Political Culture and Ethnopolitics • Debate whether culture played an important role in development of democracy • Countries that are not so easily divided, tolerant and promote racial equality are more adaptable. Chapter 5- Social Structure and Politics • Civil society played crucial role in development of political democracy • Societies that don’t have differences between rich and poor, have social networks that link ppl together are better at promoting democracy Chapter 6 • Identified impact of the international environment (democracies and diffusion) and the legacies of colonialism • Countries closer to other democratic countries raises the probability that a country would become more democratic • Gloabilzation o Can promote economic growth and development o Catalyst for ethnic conflict, undermine development of democracy Chapter 7 • Single member district plurality electoral systems and list PR hae numerous advantages and disadvantages • Role of electoral systems Chapter 8 • Effects of presidentalism and parliamentarism • Presidential, parliamentary or hybrid systems • Newer democracies opted hybrid version of presidentalism and parliamentarism Weekly Readings (online) Week 2 What democracy is and is not What democracy is • Procedures and rules that democracy needs to endure • 2 operative principles that make democracy work • Many types: o modern political democracy is system of governance in which rulers are held accountable for actions o regime or system of goverance> presence of rulers o public realm> collective norms o citizens> distinctive element of democracies o
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