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Chapter 4

PSCI 2003 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: 1969 White Paper, Aboriginal Title, Charlottetown Accord


Department
Political Science
Course Code
PSCI 2003
Professor
J Malloy
Chapter
4

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Sunday, October 2, 2016
Chapter 4 Reading Notes
Aboriginal Peoples
ABORIGINAL DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE TODAY
-Three official categories of Aboriginal peoples in Canada
First Nations
Metis
Inuit
Historical Evolution
-Colonialism — refers to establishing, acquiring, and maintaining colonies.
-Treaties — Binding legal agreements under Canadian and International law, and
which are still in effect today.
-Indian Act of 1867
Assimilation of Aboriginals into new white majority.
Provided Federal govt control of almost all aspects of indian life
Indian Act allowed “Enfranchisement”, which encouraged indians to give up their
indian status.
Began the distinction between Status Indians, those registered with the federal govt
according to terms of the Indian act, and non-status indians, those no longer
registered.
-Traditional Aboriginals forms of government and medicine were outlawed.
-Aboriginal living on reserves were denied the right to vote in federal elections till
1960.
-The Indian Act made it an offence for a band to hire a lawyer to bring a claim against
Canada without govt consent.
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