PSCI 2701 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Well-Founded Relation, Explicit Knowledge, Mind Map

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Mm (week 2) chapter 1 the importance of research in political argument: a successful argument in politics and political science contains the right balance of style and of substance. (24) What is research: the systematic investigation into and study of materials, sources, etc. in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions. (25) Research a(cid:374)d tur(cid:374)i(cid:374)g (cid:862)barroo(cid:373) guesses(cid:863) i(cid:374)to (cid:862)educated guesses(cid:863: barroom guesses are groundless opinions and predictions that are not based on fact. (31, educated guesses are opinions and predictions based on factual evidence. (32) Improves the quality of knowledge in two ways: more reliable dependable, and of sound and consistent character and quality; and, valid, that is, sound well-founded and defensible. (32) Induction is the inference of a particular law from particular instances. (32) Informed opinion, on the other hand, is a belief formed on the basis of fact. (35-36)

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