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February 25th, 2014- psych.docx

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PSYC 1002
Kim O' Neil

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February 25 , 2014 Stress, Coping and Health The Relationship Between Stress and Disease • Contagious diseases vs. chronic diseases  o Biopsychosocial model o Health psychology  Health promotion and maintenance • Discovery of causation, prevention, and treatment Stress: An Everyday Event • Major stressors vs. routine hassles o Cumulative nature of stress o Cognitive appraisals  How you see the event  Primary appraisal (do I want to do this)  Secondary (how can I cope) • Major types of stress o Frustration – blocked goal o Conflict – two or more incompatible motivations  Approach­approach • Two situations that both have positive points to them   Approach­avoidance • Both positive and negative points to them  Avoidance­avoidance •  Two situations both which have negative points to them o Change – having to adapt  Holmes and Rahe – Social Readjustment Rating Scale – Life  Change Units o Pressure – expectations to behave in certain ways  Perform/conform Responding to Stress Emotionally • Emotional Responses o Annoyance, anger, rage  Emotional response related to hositility  o Apprehension, anxiety, fear  Externalizing behaviors  o Dejection, sadness, grief  Internalizing behavior o Positive emotions • Emotional response and performance o The inverted­U­hypothesis • For simple tasks we want high arousal • For moderate tasks we want moderated arousal • For complex tastes you want low arousal Responding to Stress Physiologically • Physiological Responses o Fight­or­flight response  Your body automatic physiological responses to repair for fight or  flight  In the face of stress our body has an automatic reactions, and well  see increases and decreases I certain aspects of the body • Increase heart rate­ decrease stomach metabolism o Selye’s General Adaptation Syndrome  3 different fazes if you under stress • Alarm  o Sharp increase in physiological response • Resistance o It stays heightened if stress doesn’t go away • Exhaustion o Stress that causes these response doesn’t go away to  a point where you body can longer cope and it shuts  down  o Also a psychological exhaustion* o Neurogenesis   Regeneration of brain cells   Studies have found that people under cronic stress are not able to  do so causing cognitive problems Responding to Stress Behaviourally • Behavioural Responses o Frustration­aggression hy
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