Textbook Notes (362,815)
Canada (158,059)
Psychology (645)
PSYC 2400 (69)

Forensic Sentencing.odt

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Carleton University
PSYC 2400
Kevin Nunes

ForensicSentencing A DefinitionSentencing an imposition of a legal sanction on persons convicted of an offence essentially the consequences you face as a result of a crime committed6 Goals of Sentencing DDARRSHere are 6 common goals of sentencingDeterSpecific Deterrence reducing the probability that an offender will reoffend in the futureGeneral Deterrence reducing the probability that members of society will reoffend in the futureDenounce to say that we dont approve of a specific behaviourAssist to assist the offender with rehabilitationReparations to pay back the money or societyResponsibility to help promote responsibility in the accusedSeparate remove this person from society to protect them and societyIssues sentences can conflict with many goals and judges may give different sentences for different reasonsCanada is moving towards a more restorative justice system to get more offenders back in the communityresearch suggests this is better than sending them to prisonPrinciples of Sentencing GLASCThese 5 principles are meant to guide the sentencing decisionsGravity a sentence must be proportionate to the gravity of the offenceLiberty a sentence should not deprive the offender of liberty if less restrictive sanctions are appropriateAdjusted mitigating and aggravating factors should be taken into accountSimilarity sentences should be similar for similar offenders offences and under similar circumstancesConsecutive combined consecutive sentences should not be too harshSentencing OptionsIn order of least restrictive to most restrictive here are some sentencing options these are punishment strategiesDischarge despite being guilty the accused is not convicted of the offenceAbsolute where the court releases the accused with no conditions and no recordConditional must follow certain rules in the community for a specific period of time for the discharge to be absoluteProbation offenders released into the community with restrictionsReparation where accused pays the victim backFines to the court where the accused pays the court back most common in Canada if you fail to pay you go to jail this accounts for the disproportionately high number of aboriginal people that are in jail for not paying for finesCommunity ServiceConditional Sentences a prison sentence served in the community ex on the weekendsImprisonment last resortResearch research suggests that punishment strategies generally result in higher rates of recidivism if the purpose of our justice system is to reduce crime then we are not succeeding
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 2400

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.