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Chapter 15

Personality Chapter 15.odt

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PSYC 2600
Elizabeth Nisbet

Chapter 15Personality and Social InteractionSelectionEveryday people choose to enter some situations and avoid other situations situation selection can hing on personality dispositions and how we view ourselvesSocial selections are decision points that direct us to choose one path and avoid anotherPersonality characteristics of others influence whether we select them as dates friends or marriage partners Our personality characteristics play role in kinds of situations we selectPersonality Characteristics Desired in a Marriage PartnerBuss et Al did an international investigation representing every major racial group religious group and political system which concluded that mutual attraction or love was the most favored characteristicAfter mutual attraction or love personality characteristics loom large in peoples mate selection preferencesdependable character emotional stability and pleasing disposition All close to the labels given to three of the factors in the fivefactor model Dependability is close to consciousness pleasing disposition is close to agreeableness etcThus personality factors play a central role in what people worldwide are looking for in a longterm mateCorrelations are consistently positive Positive correlations between spouses are due in part to direct social preferences based on personality characteristics of those doing the selectingAssortatitve Mating for Personality The Search for SimilarComplementary Needs Theory postulates that people are attracted to those who have different personality dispositions than they have Ex People who are dominant might have a need to be in a relationship with someone they can controlAttraction Similarity Theory postulates that people are attracted to those who have similar personality characteristicsThere is an overwhelming support for the attraction similarity theory and no support for the complementary needs theoryPeople are married to people who are similar to themselves which is known as assortative matingDo People get the Mates they want And Are they HappyIndividuals whose mates deviate from their ideals will be less satisfied than whose mates embody their desiresCorrelations between the preferences that individuals express for the ideal personality characteristics of their mates and the actual personality characteristics of their obtained mates there are modest but consistently positive correlations between the personality desired in a partner and the actual personality characteristics displayed by the partner Especially strong for Extraversion and Openness In short a general rule people seem to get the mates they want in terms of personalityThe key to marital happiness is having a partner who is agreeable emotionally stable and open regardless of whether the partner departs in specific ways from what one wants
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