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Chapter 19

Personality Chapter 19.odt

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Carleton University
PSYC 2600
Elizabeth Nisbet

Chapter 19Personality DisordersThe Building Blocks of Personality Disorders Personality Traits enduring patternsOnly when traits are inflexible maladaptive and cause significant functional impairment or subjective distress do they constitute PDs PDs can be thought of as maladaptive variations or combinations of normal personality traits Relevant to motives cognitions emotions selfconcept biology andSocial Relationshipsalmost always disturbed unhealthy or maladaptive impaired social relations are common to all PdsWhat Is AbnormalStatistical definition Whatever is rare not frequent and not statistically normal Social definition Whatever society does not tolerate Statistical and social definitions are tied to changing social or cultural norms Psychologists thus look within persons inquiring about subject feelings and thoughtsPsychopathology Study of mental disorders Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th ed DSMIV Widely accepted system for diagnosing and describing mental disorders Personality DisordersDSM IV Personality Disorder An enduring pattern of inner experience and behaviour that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individuals culture manifested in at least 2 of the following areas cognition affectivity interpersonal functioning or impulse control New Definition Personality disorders represent the failure to develop a sense of selfidentity and the capacity for interpersonal functioning that are adaptive in the context of the individuals cultural norms and expectationsWhat is a Personality Disorder Enduring pattern of experiencebehavior differs greatly from expectations of a persons culture usually manifested in more than one of Thoughts feelings how a person gets along with others and the ability to control own behaviors rigid displayed across variety of situations leading to distress in key areas of life such as work relationships typically has a long history in a persons life often back to adolescence or childhoodPattern must not be attributable to drug abuse medication or other medical condition All personality disorders involve impaired social relationsCategories or DimensionsCategorical View Either the person does or does not have PD Disorders are viewed as distinct and qualitatively different from normal extremes on traits Dimensional View PDs are viewed as a continuum that ranges from normality at one end to severe disability or disturbance at the other end
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