Textbook Notes (368,113)
Canada (161,656)
Psychology (661)
PSYC 3402 (29)
Chapter 8

Chapter 8 Summary.

5 Pages
130 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3402
Professor
Ralph Serin
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 8 Summary: Family Violence Introduction  In some cases children that experience abuse become abusers themselves  Victims of abuse initially blame themselves  Most prevalent form of violence in society  Distinct from other types of violence since the victims and perpetrators know eachother and there is often an ongoing relationship Background Issues  No consensus exists for a definition but most current definition of family violence include non-violent abuse/emotional abuse  Prevalence: the total number of people who have experienced violence in a certain time period  Incidence: the number of new cases reported at a given time period Types of Violence  Neglect is the most common form of abuse in both children and elderly  Psychologocial abuse is often described by individuals as one of the most harmful types of abuse  Financial abuse is most often studied in context of elder abuse Family Violence  Ecological model : provides a useful way to conceptualize the interaction among factors related to violence  Model focuses on individual, relationship, community, and societal factors  At individual level, biological, personal history characteristics of the abuser and victims need to be considered (age, substance abuse)  Relationship level- peers, partners and family members  The community level – schools and neighbourhoods (poverty, social isolation)  Societal level – social norms, cultural beliefs and police Partner Violence  Intimate partner violence ( spousal violence) – between intimate partners who are living together  Varying in types and severity – physical, sexual, financial, emotional  51% of woman have reported atleast one incident of abuse  Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS)- to assess how a person and their partner resolve conflict.  Measures psychological, physical, and sexual violence  Woman reported experiences of severe form of violence  woma  Woman are more likely to report abuse (36%)  Physical and sexual violence were experienced more often by woman in rural areas Triggers for violence  Not obeying or arguing with the man  Not having food ready on time  Not caring adequately for the children/ home  Questioning the man about money or girlfriends  Going somewhere without the man’s permission  Refusing sex Theories of Intimate Violence  Patriarchal Theory – degree of patriarchal attitude was positively correlated with rate of intimate violence  States with much higher levels of patriarchal attitude had much higher levels of spousal abuse  Additional variables are necessary to account for imtimate violence (family, community, individual characteristics)  Social Learning Theory – three major elements (origins, instigators, regulators)  How individuals acquire new behaviour – observational learning Male Victims  Most frequently occurring types of violence was mutual and mild violence followed by mutual severe violence.  Slightly higher percentage of woman engage in minor violence and that equal rates of serious violence occur for men  When the female partner was injured, the male was charged in 91% of the cases  When male was injured, only 61% of female charged Male Batterers  Family only batterer Characteristics: lowest levels of intimate violence, infrequently violent outside the home, does not show much psychopathy, few risk factors  Anti-social batterer: moderate to high levels of violence, frequently violent outside the house, substance abuse problem, impulsive  Borderline Batterer: violence on female partner, high rate of mood disorder, serve levels of violence, instable, jealous Victims Response to Abuse  Factors that keep an abuse woman in a relationship: fear of retribution, lack of economical support, concern for children, emotional dependency, hope that men will change  Partner homicide occurs when woman try to le
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 3402

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit