Sexual Offenders – VERIFIED BY R. SERIN
Are recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors
1. Nonhuman objects
2. The suffering or humiliation of oneself or one’s partner
3. Children or other nonconsenting persons that occur over a period of
at least 6 months
Although, not all paraphilias involve illegal behavior (e.g. fetishism), but
many manifest as sexually offending; specifically, pedophilia, sexual sadism,
frotteurism, exhibitionism, and voyeurism.
Sexual sadism refers to being sexually aroused by inflicting humiliation or pain on
Frotteurism is an interest in touching and rubbing against a nonconsenting person.
Exhibitionism refers to an interest in one’s genitals to an unsuspecting stranger.
Voyeurism involves an interest in observing unsuspecting people naked or
engaging in sexual activity.
A model that attempts to organize existing explanations of child sexual abuse
into a multifactor framework
Motivation to sexually abuse
Overcome internal inhibitors
Overcome external inhibitors
Overcoming the resistance of the child
All preconditions must be met for abuse to occur
Hierarchical-Mediational Confluence Model (HMC)
There are two major paths that lead to sexual aggression: the antisocial and
impersonal sex path and the hostile masculinity path.
o The antisocial path: abusive home environments, lead to early
delinquent behavior, leads to impersonal sexuality, which in turn
leads to sexual aggression. o The hostile masculinity path: attitudes accepting violence towards
women, lead to narcissism, hostility toward women, sexual
dominance sexual aggression.
Seto’s Developmental Theory of Child Sexual Offending
A model of the etiology of child sexual abuse that outlines that adolescence-
limited child molesters are those who may be blocked from romantic
partnerships with peers because of lack or resources or poor social skills
Offending against children would be especially likely when both antisociality
and pedophilia are present.
PREDECESSORS OF LATER SEXUAL OFFENDING
Childhood Sexual Abuse: sexual victimization in childhood plays an
important role in later sexual offending – a strong association between
childhood sexual abuse and sexual offending.
Childhood Physical Abuse: Higher rates of physical abuse in childhood have
also been found among sex offenders compared to non-sex offenders and
non-offenders – but not as dramatic as for childhood sexual abuse.