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PSYC 3402 (29)
Chapter 9

Chapter 9 Summary

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PSYC 3402
Ralph Serin

Chapter 9 Sexual Offenders – VERIFIED BY R. SERIN Paraphilias  Are recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors generally involving: 1. Nonhuman objects 2. The suffering or humiliation of oneself or one’s partner 3. Children or other nonconsenting persons that occur over a period of at least 6 months  Although, not all paraphilias involve illegal behavior (e.g. fetishism), but many manifest as sexually offending; specifically, pedophilia, sexual sadism, frotteurism, exhibitionism, and voyeurism. Sexual sadism refers to being sexually aroused by inflicting humiliation or pain on others. Frotteurism is an interest in touching and rubbing against a nonconsenting person. Exhibitionism refers to an interest in one’s genitals to an unsuspecting stranger. Voyeurism involves an interest in observing unsuspecting people naked or engaging in sexual activity. Finkelhor’s Model  A model that attempts to organize existing explanations of child sexual abuse into a multifactor framework Four preconditions  Motivation to sexually abuse  Overcome internal inhibitors  Overcome external inhibitors  Overcoming the resistance of the child  All preconditions must be met for abuse to occur Hierarchical-Mediational Confluence Model (HMC)  There are two major paths that lead to sexual aggression: the antisocial and impersonal sex path and the hostile masculinity path. o The antisocial path: abusive home environments, lead to early delinquent behavior, leads to impersonal sexuality, which in turn leads to sexual aggression. o The hostile masculinity path: attitudes accepting violence towards women, lead to narcissism, hostility toward women, sexual dominance  sexual aggression. Seto’s Developmental Theory of Child Sexual Offending  A model of the etiology of child sexual abuse that outlines that adolescence- limited child molesters are those who may be blocked from romantic partnerships with peers because of lack or resources or poor social skills  Offending against children would be especially likely when both antisociality and pedophilia are present. PREDECESSORS OF LATER SEXUAL OFFENDING  Childhood Sexual Abuse: sexual victimization in childhood plays an important role in later sexual offending – a strong association between childhood sexual abuse and sexual offending.  Childhood Physical Abuse: Higher rates of physical abuse in childhood have also been found among sex offenders compared to non-sex offenders and non-offenders – but not as dramatic as for childhood sexual abuse. 
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