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Sociology (164)
SOCI 1001 (18)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 Notes

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCI 1001
Professor
Tamy Superle
Semester
Fall

Description
Ross Haenfler “Chapter 1: Introduction,” pp. 1­15 ­ a subculture is a social subgroup distinguishable from mainstream culture by its non­normative values, beliefs, symbols,  activities, and often, in the case of youth, styles and music The Chicago School, Social Ecology, and Strain Theory ­ the University of Chicago Department of Sociology and Anthropology was one of the first established sociology departments ­ theorists associated with "The Chicago School" often studied elements of urban life, eg. immigrants, "taxi­dancers" (woman  who danced with men for money), jazz musicians, and life on the street ­ among this Era's is little sociological contributions was an insistence that talking with people and observing their interactions  was the best way to discover the social patterns of their lives ­ while religious reformers claimed the delinquents and criminals were less moral and proposed spiritual renewal as the cure,  early sociologists took a different approach, proposing that delinquency is a more or less normal "normal" reaction to one's social  surroundings ­in order to understand why an individual turns to crime it is necessary to understand the external social settings in which they  live ­ social ecology: the focus on the urban surroundings in which subcultures and gangs emerge ­ strain theory grew from structural functionalism  ­ for a society to properly "function", people must be able to achieve the goals society set forth. If they cannot, they experience  psychological strain and may question the legitimacy of society's rules Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies ­ saw subcultures as a way for disadvantaged or marginalized kids to "solve" their status problems ­ Chicago School focused on the micro level, studying youth and their neighbourhoods, the CCCS gave more attention to the  macro analysis of social class and the economic conditions of society as a whole "Post­subcultural" and "Clubculture" Theories ­ Scenes and Tribes ­ "Clubculture" theories focus more on the consumer tastes of youth and the ways in which the media constructs subcultures ­ Subculture implies deviance from a coherent dominant culture, scenes are porous and diffuse, with members coming and  going and few living completely subcultural lives ­ neo­tribes are very fluid, pleasu
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